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Founded in 1994, SODEFOR is one of the largest forestry companies operating in West Africa

  • Parent company:
    Norsudtimber
  • Thomson Reuters ticker:
    Private company
  • Bloomberg ticker:
    Private company
  • Activities:
    Timber production, timber processing and manufacturing
  • Locations:
    DRC (Kinshasa, and Mai Ndombe and Tshopo provinces)
  • Headquarters:
    DRC
  • Related companies:
    Precious Woods is one of SODEFOR's shareholders through its parent company Norsudtimber.
  • Website:

Company assessment: SODEFOR – July 2018

SPOTT assesses companies against over 100 indicators across ten categories. Click on the icons or bars below to expand each category for further details, scoring and links to reports and sources.

Assessment date:

Total: 13.3% 14 / 105.5
  • Sustainability policy and leadership Sustainability policy and leadership 2 / 6 33.3%
    • Companies should publish sustainability policies or similar covering their entire supply chain — including third party suppliers — implemented and enforced through high-level leadership that engages with wider industry schemes.

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      1. Sustainable forestry policy or commitment for all its operations?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      2. Sustainability policy or commitment applies to direct and third-party suppliers?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      3. High-level position of responsibility for sustainability?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      4. Sustainability report published within last two years?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      5. Member of multiple industry schemes or other external initiatives to improve forest management or transparency?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      6. Activities with government, NGOs or academic institutions to improve the sustainability of forest products?

      The company has been engaging with academic and non-governmental organisations to undertake research to improve forest management, and has received support from WWF for forestry, socioeconomic and environmental initiatives

  • Landbank, FMUs and mills Landbank, FMUs and mills 1 / 13 7.7%
    • Companies should publicly report figures on their total landbank and details of different areas under their management. They should also disclose maps of their forest management units and provide forest management plans, as well as details on supplier pulp and paper mills.

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      7. Lists countries and operations?

      The company is engaged in timber production in Mai Ndombe Province and Tshopo Province, and timber processing in Nioki and Kinshasa (DRC)

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      8. Total area of natural forest designated for wood/wood fibre production (ha)?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      9. Total area of forest plantation (ha)?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      10. Area of plantation/natural forest within outgrower schemes (ha)?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      11. Unplanted (areas designated for future development as plantation forest) (ha)?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      12. Conservation set-aside and/or HCV area (ha)?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      13. Area of Intact Forest Landscape (ha)?

    • No
      0 / 1
      Source

      14. Number of Forest Management Units (FMUs)?

      15 - The company reports having 15 concessions, but this information is from an undated source

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      15. Maps of forest management units (FMUs)?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      16. Forest management plans available for all FMUs?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      17. Monitoring of forest management plan implementation?

    • n/a
      -
      No source

      18. Number of company owned pulp and paper mills?

      This indicator is disabled as the company's reporting broadly suggests that it does not own pulp or paper mills. Please note that ZSL has been unable to confirm this

    • n/a
      -
      No source

      19. Maps or addresses of company owned pulp and paper mills?

      This indicator is disabled as the company's reporting broadly suggests that it does not own pulp or paper mills. Please note that ZSL has been unable to confirm this

    • No
      0 / 1
      Source

      20. Number of company owned sawmills?

      The company states it operates two sawmills, but this information is from an undated source

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      21. Maps or addresses of company owned sawmills?

  • Deforestation and biodiversity Deforestation and biodiversity 4.5 / 15 30%
    • Companies should commit to address deforestation and to set aside areas for conservation. They should report on any activities to manage or restore habitat in their conservation areas, or monitor deforestation in their supply chains. They should also provide evidence of species conservation and biodiversity protection.

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      22. Commitment to zero conversion of natural forest?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      23. Zero conversion commitment applies to outgrower scheme and independent suppliers?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      24. Commitment to minimise the impact of logging roads?

      The company states that it undertakes a number of methods to reduce the impact of logging roads, including bypassing steep, swampy, ecological, sensitive areas; respecting a maximum deforestation of 30m for roads, maintaining canopy bridges at least every 5 km, avoiding disturbances to the banks of streams, and closing roads that will not be used until the next rotation

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      25. Commitment to protect forest areas from illegal activities?

      The company states it aims to prevent illegal hunting and poaching on its concessions. A full commitment to protect forest areas from all illegal activities could not be identified

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      26. Evidence of monitoring deforestation?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      27. Amount of deforestation recorded?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      28. Commitment to biodiversity conservation?

      The company states that it conserves biological diversity, water resources, soils, ecosystems and fragile landscapes to maintain the ecological functions and integrity of the forest. The company also states it has a wildlife management program to combat direct and indirect negative impacts of its activities

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      29. Commitment to set aside areas for conservation?

      The company states that their Forest Management Plans include the identification of conservation series "that guarantee the protections of areas of particular ecological interest, for example rare ecosystems or housing emblematic species". The company's guiding principles include identifying forests with high conservation values and ensuring their conservation or enhancement

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      30. Examples of habitat management and/or habitat restoration of set-aside areas?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      31. Implementing a landscape-level approach to biodiversity conservation?

      Some of the elements of a landscape approach are referenced by the company, such as committing to maintain the ecological functions and integrity of the forest and conserving fragile landscapes

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      32. Commitment to protect species of conservation concern, referencing international or national system of species classification?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      33. Commitment to sustainably manage the use of non-timber forest products (NTFPs)?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      34. Commitment not to use genetically modified organisms?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      35. Commitment to only use alien species where impacts can be controlled?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      36. Examples of species conservation activities?

      The company states it has a wildlife management program to combat negative impacts of its activity

  • HCV, HCS and impact assessments HCV, HCS and impact assessments 1 / 9 11.1%
    • Companies should commit to the High Conservation Value (HCV) and High Carbon Stock (HCS) approaches, and to conduct social and environmental impact assessments (SEIA). They should develop and publish monitoring and management plans, and provide evidence through SEIA, HCV and HCS assessments, typically published in summary form due to the sensitive nature of certain sites.

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      37. Commitment to conduct High Conservation Value (HCV) assessments?

      The company states that it identifies forest with high conservation values and applies the precautionary principle to ensure the conservation or enhancement of the attributes that define such forests, but it does not explicitly state that this applies to all new developments

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      38. HCV commitment applies to outgrower scheme and independent suppliers?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      39. Commitment to only use licensed High Conservation Value (HCV) assessors accredited by the HCV Resource Network's Assessor Licensing Scheme (ALS)?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      40. High Conservation Value (HCV) assessments available?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      41. High Conservation Value (HCV) management and monitoring plans available?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      42. Commitment to the High Carbon Stock (HCS) Approach?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      43. High Carbon Stock (HCS) assessments available?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      44. Commitment to conduct social and environmental impact assessments (SEIAs)?

      The company states it carries out socio-economic studies and forest inventories during the development of management plans, but there is no explicit mention of this applying to all new concessions

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      45. Social and environmental impact assessments (SEIAs) available?

  • Soils, fire and GHG emissions Soils, fire and GHG emissions 1.5 / 14 10.7%
    • Companies should commit to protect peatland and undertake best management practices for soils and peat, as well as commit to reduced impact logging. They should also have policies on zero burning and to reduce their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Companies should report their GHG emissions, as well as any fires that occurred in or around their estates, along with plans for managing and monitoring fires.

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      46. Commitment to best management practices for soils and/or peat?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      47. Commitment to reduced impact logging?

      The company states that it has fully adopted reduced impact logging on all active concessions

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      48. Commitment to no planting on peat of any depth?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      49. Commitment on peatland planting applies to outgrower scheme and independent suppliers?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      50. Landbank or planted area on peat (ha)?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      51. Evidence of best management practices for soils and/or peat?

      The company states some examples of best management practice for soils. However, it is unclear whether it operates on peat, and therefore partial points have been awarded for this indicator

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      52. Commitment to zero burning?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      53. Commitment to zero burning applies to outgrower scheme and independent suppliers?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      54. Evidence of management and monitoring fires?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      55. Details/number of hotspots/fires in FMUs controlled by the company?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      56. Time-bound commitment to reduce GHG emissions intensity?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      57. Progress towards reducing GHG emission intensity?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      58. Report GHG emissions from land use change?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      59. Methodology used to calculate GHG emissions?

  • Water, chemical and waste management Water, chemical and waste management 1 / 10 10%
    • Companies should commit to managing water use and water quality, providing evidence through time-bound reduction plans, policies on toxic chemical use, waste management and treatment of wastewater and mill effluents.

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      60. Time-bound commitment to improve water quality?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      61. Progress towards commitment on water quality?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      62. Protection of natural waterways through buffer zones?

    • n/a
      -
      No source

      63. Evidence of treatment of pulp and paper mill effluent?

      This indicator is disabled as the company's reporting broadly suggests that it does not own pulp or paper mills. Please note that ZSL has been unable to confirm this

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      64. Evidence of sawmill run-off containment and wastewater treatment?

    • n/a
      -
      No source

      65. Time-bound commitment to improve water use?

      This indicator is disabled as the company's reporting broadly suggests that it does not own pulp or paper mills. Please note that ZSL has been unable to confirm this

    • n/a
      -
      No source

      66. Progress towards commitment on water use?

      This indicator is disabled as the company's reporting broadly suggests that it does not own pulp or paper mills. Please note that ZSL has been unable to confirm this

    • n/a
      -
      No source

      67. mmitment to eliminate chlorine and chlorine compounds for bleaching?

      This indicator is disabled as the company's reporting broadly suggests that it does not own pulp or paper mills. Please note that ZSL has been unable to confirm this

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      68. Evidence of minimising or recycling solid waste produced during sawmilling processes?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      69. Commitment to minimise the use of chemicals, including pesticides and chemical fertilisers?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      70. No use of World Health Organisation (WHO) Class 1A and 1B pesticides?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      71. No use of chemicals listed under the Stockholm Convention and Rotterdam Convention?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      72. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) approach?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      73. Chemical usage per ha or list of chemicals used?

  • Community, land and labour rights Community, land and labour rights 3 / 19.5 15.4%
    • Companies should commit to respect human rights, including those of indigenous peoples and local communities, consulted with free, prior and informed consent (FPIC). Companies should respect the rights of workers, report relevant workforce data, and comply with health and safety legislation.

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      74. Commitment to human rights, referencing the UN Declaration of Human Rights or UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      75. Commitment to human rights applies to outgrower scheme and independent suppliers?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      76. Commitment to respect indigenous and local communities' rights?

      The company commits to respect legal and customary rights of indigenous peoples. No equivalent commitment is made for the rights of local communities

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      77. Commitment to respect legal and customary property rights?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      78. Commitment to free, prior and informed consent (FPIC)?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      79. FPIC commitment applies to independent suppliers?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      80. Details of free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) process available?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      81. Details of process for addressing land conflicts available?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      82. Commitment to mitigate impacts on food security?

      The company states that it has put in place the necessary measures for an adequate supply of protein for its employees

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      83. Commitment to provide essential community services and facilities?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      84. Commitment to respect all workers' rights?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      85. Reference to Fundamental ILO Conventions?

    • No
      0 / 0.5
      Source

      86. Total number of employees?

      1,500 - Figure is approximate and undated

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      87. Percentage or number of temporary employees?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      88. Percentage or number of women employees?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      89. Commitment to pay minimum wage?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      90. Commitment to address occupational health and safety, referencing the ILO Code of Practice on Safety and Health in Forestry Work?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      91. Time lost due to work-based injuries?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      92. Number of fatalities as a result of work-based accidents?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      93. Provision of personal protective equipment and related training?

  • Certification standards Certification standards 0 / 8 0%
    • Companies should be certified by credible certification standards, or have time-bound commitments to achieve 100% certification of both forest management units and outgrower schemes. They should also commit to only sourcing certified wood/wood fibre and ensuring that their supply is verified as being in legal compliance.

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      94. Percentage area (ha) verified as being in legal compliance by a third party?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      95. Percentage wood/wood fibre supply verified as being in legal compliance by a third party?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      96. Time-bound plan for achieving 100% FSC FM certification of FMUs?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      97. Commitment to source only wood/wood fibre that meets FSC Controlled Wood requirements?

    • No
      0 / 2
      No source

      98. Percentage area (ha) FSC FM certified?

    • No
      0 / 2
      No source

      99. Percentage of wood/wood fibre supply from outgrower scheme and/or independent suppliers that is FSC FM certified?

    • n/a
      -
      No source

      100. Percentage area (ha) PEFC certified?

      This indicator is disabled as the company's reporting broadly suggests that it does not operate in a county with a PEFC-endorsed SFM standard. Please note that ZSL has been unable to confirm this

  • Smallholders and suppliers Smallholders and suppliers 0 / 5 0%
    • Companies should report details of any programmes or schemes to support both schemed and independent smallholders, as well as criteria to assess suppliers on compliance with company policies, and in what cases suppliers should be suspended or excluded due to non-compliance.

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      101. Programme to support outgrower scheme smallholders?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      102. Percentage of outgrower scheme smallholders involved in programme?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      103. Process used to prioritise, assess and/or engage suppliers on compliance with company's policy and/or legal requirements?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      104. Suspension or exclusion criteria for suppliers?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      105. Percentage of suppliers assessed and/or engaged on compliance with company requirements?

  • Governance and grievances Governance and grievances 0 / 6 0%
    • Companies should operate in an ethical manner at all levels, providing accessible channels and clear procedures for both employees and external stakeholders to raise any grievance or complaint with the company, as well as allowing for whistleblowing.

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      106. Commitment to ethical conduct and prohibition of corruption?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      107. Whistleblowing procedure?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      108. Own grievance or complaints system?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      109. Grievance or complaints system is accessible to internal and external stakeholders?

    • No
      0 / 2
      No source

      110. Details of grievances disclosed?

Media monitor: SODEFOR

SPOTT monitors global media sources for coverage of assessed companies. The media monitor gathers reports about specific activities related to the assessment indicator categories. ZSL does not assess the validity of media coverage, but users can explore the media monitor to provide context on implementation, and infer risks associated with reported operations on the ground.

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