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Olam International

Timber and pulp assessment
  • Latest update: August 2022
  • Next scheduled: July 2023

Show media reports (23) Show ESG scores Show supply chain scores Modify score weighting
  • About this company:

    Established in 1989, Singapore based commodity producer and

  • Market cap:
    3,188,741,428 USD
  • Thomson Reuters ticker:
    OLAM.SI
  • Bloomberg ticker:
    OLAM SP Equity
  • ISIN:
    SG1Q75923504
  • Website:

Company assessment: Olam International – August 2022

Assessment date:

Score by disclosure type:

Total: 67.5% 111.39 / 165
  • Organisation: 18 / 33 54.6%
  • Policy: 48.5 / 71 68.3%
  • Practice: 44.9 / 61 73.6%
  • Self-reported: 10.3 / 61 16.8%
  • External: 15.1 / 61 24.8%
  • Certified: 19.5 / 61 32%
  • Sustainability policy and leadership Sustainability policy and leadership
    10.25 / 12 85.4%
    • Organisation: 4.5 / 6 75%
    • Policy: 2 / 2 100%
    • Practice: 3.8 / 4 93.8%
    • Self-reported: 2.8 / 4 68.8%
    • External: 1 / 4 25%
    • Certified: 0 / 4 0%
    • Y
      1 / 1

      1. Sustainable forestry policy or commitment for all its operations?

      The company has a 'Declaration of Commitment' and 'Living Landscapes Policy' which covers the sustainability commitments of the company across its timber operations.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      2. Sustainable forestry policy or commitment applies to all suppliers?

      The company has a supplier code in place which covers the sustainability commitments of the company for all suppliers.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      3. High-level position of responsibility for sustainability?

      Dr. Christopher Stewart, Global Head Corporate Responsibility & Sustainability (CR&S) is the high-level position responsible for sustainability.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      4. One or more members within the board of the company have responsibility for sustainability?

      0 - Mr. Nihal Vijaya Devadas Kaviratne CBE, Chair, Corporate Responsibility & Sustainability Committee.

    • N
      0 / 1

      5. Percentage or number of women in senior management team?

      The company reports the percentage of women 'Managers (Band E & above)' as 0.5% in 2020, however, it is unclear if this category represents the senior management team of the company.

    • P
      0.5 / 1

      6. Percentage or number of women board members?

      1 - The company reports 11 members as a part of its board out which one member is a female. However, gender balance is not directly reported by company, but is calculated from staff profiles/photos.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      7. Member of multiple industry schemes or other external initiatives to reduce negative environmental or social outcomes associated with timber and pulp production?

      [Externally verified] The company is a member of FSC, PEFC, UNGC, ATIBT, STTC, HCVRN, TFA, Capitals Coalition and CBFP.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      8. Collaboration with stakeholders to reduce negative environmental or social outcomes associated with timber and pulp production?

      The company reports renewal of its partnership agreement with the Ministry of Forest Economy (MEF) and the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) to protect the wildlife around the Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park in northern Congo. The company is also involved in developing the regional standard for PEFC in the Congo Basin.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      9. Sustainability report published within last two years?

      The company has published an integrated annual report covering 2021.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      10. Reports through standardised reporting systems?

      The company's annual report 2021 is prepared in accordance with the GRI Standards: Core option. The company has also submitted CDP questionnaires for forest, climate change, and water security in 2021.

    • P
      0.75 / 1

      11. Climate risks assessment available?

      The company has disclosed a summary of the risks and opportunities for the company as per the TCFD. However, the information reported is not externally verified.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      12. Natural capital assessment available?

      The company identifies and quantifies some of its natural capital dependencies in its 2021 annual report.

  • Landbank, maps and traceability Landbank, maps and traceability
    11.97 / 23 52%
    • Organisation: 8 / 15 53.3%
    • Policy: 1 / 2 50%
    • Practice: 3 / 6 49.5%
    • Self-reported: 0 / 6 0%
    • External: 3 / 6 49.5%
    • Certified: 0 / 6 0%
    • Y
      1 / 1

      13. Lists countries and operations?

      Republic of Congo (forest concessions and production facilities under CIB).

    • N
      0 / 1

      14. Lists countries sourcing from?

    • P
      0.5 / 1

      15. Total area of natural forest designated for wood/wood fibre production (ha)?

      2,000,000 - The company reports that it has over two million hectares (ha) of natural forest in the Republic of Congo, of which about 1.8 million ha are FSC® certified. The company only reports approximate figures.

    • 16. Total area of forest plantation (ha)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company reports that it only produces wood/wood fibre from natural forests.

    • 17. Area of plantation/natural forest within outgrower schemes (ha)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company reports that it does not source from outgrower smallholder suppliers.

    • 18. Unplanted (areas designated for future development as plantation forest) (ha)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company reports that it only produces wood/wood fibre from natural forests.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      19. Conservation set-aside area, including HCV area (ha)?

      429,331 - The conservation area, including the HCV area, is reported in the FSC audit reports of the company concessions.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      20. Area of Intact Forest Landscape (ha)?

      402,107 - Three out of the total four concessions of the company have a total of 402,107 ha of IFL as per the FSC reports of the respective concessions. Data as of 2021.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      21. Number of Forest Management Units (FMUs)?

      4 - The company reports it has four FMUs, all in the Republic of Congo: Pokola, Loundoungou-Toukoulaka, Kabo, and Mimbeli-Ibenga. It also controls Pikounda concession in RoC, but this is set aside as part of a REDD+ project.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      22. Maps of forest management units (FMUs)?

      Maps for Pokola, Loundoungou-Toukoulaka, Kabo, and Mimbeli-Ibenga concessions are published by the company. The concession maps are also available on the OTP and GFW database.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      23. Forest management plans available for all FMUs?

      The forest management plans are available for all FMUs of the company.

    • P
      0.75 / 1

      24. Monitoring of forest management plan implementation available?

      [Externally verified] The company makes this commitment through the FSC Principles and Criteria (FSC-STD-01-001 V5-2). As the requirements do not fully meet the SPOTT indicator criteria partial points have therefore been awarded on the basis of the company's FSC certified landbank (either 100% or ≥75% and a further commitment to be 100% certified within 5 years).

    • Y
      1 / 1

      25. Company has provided valid legal documents to Open Timber Portal on use right (at the time of SPOTT assessments)?

      [Externally verified] The company has provided all valid legal documents to Open Timber Portal on use right for all of its concessions. Please note: Company scores on Open Timber Portal are updated daily. Visit the OTP website to review the company's current performance by clicking on the source link.

    • P
      0.72 / 1

      26. Company has provided valid legal documents to Open Timber Portal on forest management (at the time of SPOTT assessments)?

      [Externally verified] The company has provided 13/18 valid legal documents to Open Timber Portal on forest management. Please note: Company scores on Open Timber Portal are updated daily. Visit the OTP website to review the company's current performance by clicking on the source link.

    • P
      0.5 / 1

      27. Company has provided valid legal documents to Open Timber Portal on timber harvesting (at the time of SPOTT assessments)?

      [Externally verified] The company has provided 4/8 valid legal documents to Open Timber Portal on timber harvesting. Please note: Company scores on Open Timber Portal are updated daily. Visit the OTP website to review the company's current performance by clicking on the source link.

    • N
      0 / 1

      28. Names and locations of all third-party supplying FMUs?

    • P
      0.5 / 1

      29. Number of company owned sawmills?

      The company reports contradictory figures for its sawmills from the same time period. The company website mentions owning five sawmills but sawmill maps available on the website have information on only three sawmills. A news article published in 2021 also mentions three sawmills. It is unclear if the company owns total three or five sawmills.

    • P
      0.5 / 1

      30. Names and locations of company owned sawmills?

      The company reports owning five sawmills, however, maps are available for only three sawmills of the company.

    • 31. Number of company-owned pulp and paper mills?

      This indicator is disabled as the company reports that it does not own pulp or paper mills.

    • 32. Names and locations of company-owned pulp and paper mills?

      This indicator is disabled as the company reports that it does not own pulp or paper mills.

    • N
      0 / 1

      33. Reports total volumes (or percentages) sourced by company-owned sawmills that come from company's own operations and third-parties?

    • 34. Reports total volumes (or percentages) sourced by company-owned pulp and paper mills that come from company's own operations and third-parties?

      This indicator is disabled as the company reports that it does not own pulp or paper mills.

    • P
      0.5 / 1

      35. Number of third party supplying mills?

      4 - The company reports information on four sawmill suppliers. However, it is unclear if this list only includes certified suppliers or all suppliers of the company. Also, the document in which this information is reported was valid until April 2020.

    • N
      0 / 1

      36. Names and locations of all third party supplying mills?

    • N
      0 / 1

      37. Reports total volume (or percentages) sourced from third-party supplying mills that come from the supplying mills' own operations and third parties?

    • P
      0.5 / 1

      38. Procedures to trace raw materials to country of harvest?

      The company makes this commitment through the FSC Chain of Custody Certification Standard (FSC-STD-40-004 V3-1). Partial points have been awarded as the requirements do not fully meet the SPOTT scoring criteria.

    • N
      0 / 1

      39. Percentage of supply traceable to country of harvest?

    • P
      0.5 / 1

      40. Procedures to trace raw materials to FMU level?

      The company makes this commitment through the FSC Chain of Custody Certification Standard (FSC-STD-40-004 V3-1). Partial points have been awarded as the requirements do not fully meet the SPOTT scoring criteria.

    • N
      0 / 1

      41. Percentage of supply traceable to FMU level?

  • Certification standards Certification standards
    4 / 8 50%
    • Organisation: 0 / 0 0%
    • Policy: 2 / 4 50%
    • Practice: 2 / 4 50%
    • Self-reported: 2 / 4 50%
    • External: 0 / 4 0%
    • Certified: 0 / 4 0%
    • Y
      1 / 1

      42. Time-bound plan for achieving 100% third-party legality verification of FMUs or achieved?

      The company is 100% FSC FM certified since 2020.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      43. Percentage area (ha) verified as being in legal compliance by a third party?

      100% - The company's concessions are 100% FSC FM certified.

    • N
      0 / 1

      44. Time-bound plan to source only wood/wood fibre that is in legal compliance verified by a third party?

    • N
      0 / 1

      45. Percentage of all wood/wood fibre supply traded/processed verified as being in legal compliance by a third party?

    • Y
      1 / 1

      46. Percentage area (ha) FSC FM certified?

      100% - The company's concessions are 100% FSC FM certified.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      47. Time-bound plan for achieving 100% FSC FM certification of FMUs or achieved 100% FSC-certification of FMUs?

      The company's concessions are already 100% FSC FM certified since 2020.

    • N
      0 / 1

      48. Percentage of wood/wood fibre supply (tonnes) from all suppliers that comes from FSC FM certified areas?

    • N
      0 / 1

      49. Commitment to source only wood/wood fibre that meets FSC Controlled Wood and/or PEFC Controlled Sources requirements?

    • 50. Percentage area (ha) PEFC certified (excluding FSC certified area)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company does not operate in a country with a PEFC-endorsed Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) standard.

  • Deforestation and biodiversity Deforestation and biodiversity
    13.75 / 24 57.3%
    • Organisation: 0 / 2 0%
    • Policy: 7.5 / 14 53.6%
    • Practice: 6.3 / 8 78.1%
    • Self-reported: 0.5 / 8 6.3%
    • External: 1.8 / 8 21.9%
    • Certified: 4 / 8 50%
    • P
      0.5 / 1

      51. Commitment to zero conversion of natural ecosystems?

      The company reports a commitment to no conversion of only certain ecosystems. A clear commitment to no conversion of all natural ecosystems is not reported by the company.

    • P
      0.5 / 1

      52. Commitment to zero conversion of natural ecosystems applies to all suppliers?

      The company commits its suppliers to no conversion of only certain ecosystems. A clear commitment to no conversion of all natural ecosystems is not reported by the company.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      53. Commitment to zero deforestation?

      The company makes this commitment through the FSC Policy for Association (FSC-POL-01-004 V2-0). Full points have therefore been awarded on the basis of the company's FSC certification. The company also reports its own commitment to zero deforestation.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      54. Commitment to zero deforestation applies to all suppliers?

      The company commits its suppliers to zero deforestation.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      55. Criteria and cut-off date for defining deforestation and/or ecosystem conversion?

      The company makes this commitment through the FSC Principles and Criteria (FSC-STD-01-001 V5-2). Full points have therefore been awarded on the basis of the company's FSC certified landbank (either 100% or ≥75% and a further commitment to be 100% certified within 5 years). The company also reports implementing deforestation-free strategies to end deforestation in its supply chains and to protect or restore forests at a regional, national, landscape, jurisdictional and/or local level where it operates.

    • P
      0.5 / 1

      56. Evidence of monitoring deforestation and/or ecosystem conversion?

      The company reports that it is investing in GPS technology to monitor and map deforestation risk as well as working with Satelligence, a remote sensing specialist, to better understand satellite data and what it tells about deforestation risks in company's supply chains. However, this information is not in relation to company's timber operations. The HCV report of CIB states that CIB does regular checks and remote sensing for monitoring illegal activities but this information is from 2018.

    • N
      0 / 1

      57. Evidence of monitoring deforestation and/or ecosystem conversion in supplier operations?

    • N
      0 / 1

      58. Amount of deforestation and/or ecosystem conversion recorded in own operations since cut-off date?

    • N
      0 / 1

      59. Amount of deforestation and/or ecosystem conversion recorded in supplier operations since cut-off date?

    • N
      0 / 1

      60. Commitment to restoration of deforestation/conversion?

    • N
      0 / 1

      61. Commitment to restoration of deforestation/conversion applies to all suppliers?

    • P
      0.75 / 1

      62. Implementing a landscape or jurisdictional level approach?

      [Externally verified] Points for external verification have been awarded on the basis of the company's FSC FM certification (FSC-STD-01-001 V5-2 EN). As the Standard does not fully meet the SPOTT indicator criteria limited, externally verified points have therefore been awarded. The company also operates a REDD+ initiative in partnership with the Republic of Congo to realise value from 92,530 hectares of standing forest in its Pikounda Nord concession, in the heart of the Congo River Basin. The objective of this pilot initiative is to generate alternative revenues from sustainably managed forest landscapes by valuing the forest as a carbon sink and to originate carbon credits for the pre-compliance Voluntary Carbon market. However, this information is not externally verified.

    • P
      0.5 / 1

      63. Biodiversity policy?

      The company only reports that it adopts a landscape-level and ecosystem approach, aiming to achieve a positive impact on biodiversity conservation and ecosystem services such as water regulation, soil health and erosion control, which is implemented through internationally recognised tools and guidance. This includes supporting and promoting the high conservation value (HCV) concept and encouraging the use of Critical Habitat and Natural Habitat (as defined by the International Finance Corporation Performance Standard 6 and associated guidance). However, a clear policy with a time-bound target on protecting biodiversity is not reported by the company.

    • P
      0.5 / 1

      64. Biodiversity policy applies to all suppliers?

      The company only reports that it adopts a landscape-level and ecosystem approach, aiming to achieve a positive impact on biodiversity conservation and ecosystem services such as water regulation, soil health and erosion control, which is implemented through internationally recognised tools and guidance. This includes supporting and promoting the high conservation value (HCV) concept and encouraging the use of Critical Habitat and Natural Habitat (as defined by the International Finance Corporation Performance Standard 6 and associated guidance). This applies to all suppliers, however, a clear policy with a time-bound target on protecting biodiversity is not reported by the company.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      65. Identified species of conservation concern, referencing international or national system of species classification?

      [Externally verified] The FSC reports of the company concessions have information on the species of conservation concern referencing the national and international system of species classification.

    • Y
      +
      1 / 1
      1 / 1

      66. Examples of species and/or habitat conservation management?

      Comprehensive, externally verified points have been awarded on the basis of the company's FSC FM certification (FSC-STD-01-001 V5-2) as the requirements fully meet the SPOTT indicator criteria. The company also reports that in 2021, CIB renewed its partnership agreement with the Ministry of Forest Economy (MEF) and the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) to protect the wildlife around the Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park in northern Congo.

    • P
      0.5 / 1

      67. Commitment to no hunting or only sustainable hunting of species?

      The company makes this commitment through the FSC Principles and Criteria (FSC-STD-01-001 V5-2). As the requirements do not fully meet the SPOTT indicator criteria partial points have therefore been awarded on the basis of the company's FSC certified landbank (either 100% or ≥75% and a further commitment to be 100% certified within 5 years). The company's own reporting only mentions preventing illegal hunting with support of eco-guards employed by the government.

    • N
      0 / 1

      68. Commitment to no hunting or only sustainable hunting of species applies to all suppliers?

    • Y
      1 / 1

      69. Commitment to protect forest areas from illegal activities?

      The company makes this commitment through the FSC Principles and Criteria (FSC-STD-01-001 V5-2). Full points have therefore been awarded on the basis of the company's FSC certified landbank (either 100% or ≥75% and a further commitment to be 100% certified within 5 years). The company also reports its own commitment to no illegal activities, which includes full compliance with applicable national and international laws, including human and labour rights; respecting 'Legally Protected Areas or Internationally Recognised Areas'.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      70. Commitment to protect forest areas from illegal activities applies to all suppliers?

      The company commits its suppliers to elimination of 'Unacceptable Practices in Land Management' which includes full compliance with applicable national and international laws, including human and labour rights; respecting 'Legally Protected Areas or Internationally Recognised Areas'.

    • Y
      +
      1 / 1
      1 / 1

      71. Evidence of protecting forest areas from illegal activities?

      Comprehensive, externally verified points have been awarded on the basis of the company's FSC FM certification (FSC-STD-01-001 V5-2) as the requirements fully meet the SPOTT indicator criteria. The company also reports that with support of eco-guards and the local community, it is tackling poaching and protecting endangered animals. In 2021, 432 patrols were carried out, including joint patrols with the Lobéké National Park of Cameroon, leading to 166 arrests relating to the capture, trafficking and possession of African grey parrots, and killing of gorillas.

    • 72. Commitment to no use of genetically modified organisms?

      This indicator is disabled as the company reports that it only produces wood/wood fibre from natural forests.

    • N
      0 / 1

      73. Commitment to no use of genetically modified organisms applies to all suppliers?

  • HCV, HCS and impact assessments HCV, HCS and impact assessments
    8.75 / 9 97.2%
    • Organisation: 0 / 0 0%
    • Policy: 5 / 5 100%
    • Practice: 3.8 / 4 93.8%
    • Self-reported: 0.8 / 4 18.8%
    • External: 3 / 4 75%
    • Certified: 0 / 4 0%
    • Y
      1 / 1

      74. Commitment to conduct High Conservation Value (HCV) assessments?

      The company makes this commitment through the FSC Policy for Association (FSC-POL-01-004 V2-0). Full points have therefore been awarded on the basis of the company's FSC certification. The company also reports its own commitment to conduct High Conservation Value (HCV) assessments.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      75. Commitment to conduct High Conservation Value (HCV) assessments applies to all suppliers?

      The company commits its suppliers to conduct High Conservation Value (HCV) assessments.

    • P
      0.75 / 1

      76. High Conservation Value (HCV) assessments available?

      The HCV assessments of all four company concessions are available, however, these assessments are not externally verified.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      77. High Conservation Value (HCV) management and monitoring plans available?

      [Externally verified] The HCV management and monitoring plans are available in the respective FSC audit reports of the company concessions. The company has also published its own HCV assessments which has information on management and monitoring, however, these assessments are not externally verified.

    • 78. Commitment to the High Carbon Stock (HCS) Approach?

      This indicator is disabled as the company reports that it only produces wood/wood fibre from natural forests.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      79. Commitment to the High Carbon Stock (HCS) Approach applies to all suppliers?

      The company commits its suppliers to the High Carbon Stock (HCS) Approach.

    • 80. High Carbon Stock (HCS) assessments available?

      This indicator is disabled as the company reports that it only produces wood/wood fibre from natural forests.

    • 81. Peer review of all High Carbon Stock (HCS) assessments undertaken since April 2015 by the HCSA Quality Assurance Process?

      This indicator is disabled as the company reports that it only produces wood/wood fibre from natural forests.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      82. Commitment to conduct social and environmental impact assessments (SEIAs)?

      The company makes this commitment through the FSC Principles and Criteria (FSC-STD-01-001 V5-2). Full points have therefore been awarded on the basis of the company's FSC certified landbank (either 100% or ≥75% and a further commitment to be 100% certified within 5 years). The company also reports its own commitment to conduct social and environmental impact assessments (SEIAs).

    • Y
      1 / 1

      83. Commitment to conduct social and environmental impact assessments (SEIAs) applies to all suppliers?

      The company commits its suppliers to conduct social and environmental impact assessments (SEIAs).

    • Y
      1 / 1

      84. Social and environmental impact assessments (SEIAs) available, and associated management and monitoring plans?

      [Externally verified] The SEIAs for all concessions of the company are available on the OTP.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      85. Company has provided valid legal documents to Open Timber Portal on impact assessments (at the time of SPOTT assessments)?

      [Externally verified] The company has provided all valid legal documents to Open Timber Portal on impact assessments for all of its concessions. Please note: Company scores on Open Timber Portal are updated daily. Visit the OTP website to review the company's current performance by clicking on the source link.

  • Soils, fire and GHG emissions Soils, fire and GHG emissions
    11 / 20 55%
    • Organisation: 0.5 / 4 12.5%
    • Policy: 5.5 / 8 68.8%
    • Practice: 5 / 8 62.5%
    • Self-reported: 0.5 / 8 6.3%
    • External: 0 / 8 0%
    • Certified: 4.5 / 8 56.3%
    • 86. Commitment to no planting on peat of any depth?

      This indicator is disabled as the company reports that it only produces wood/wood fibre from natural forests.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      87. Commitment to no planting on peat of any depth applies to all suppliers?

      The company commits its suppliers to 'No conversion or degradation of peatlands of any depth'.

    • N
      0 / 1

      88. Landbank or planted area on peat (ha)?

    • N
      0 / 1

      89. Implementation of commitment to no planting on peat of any depth?

    • Y
      1 / 1

      90. Commitment to best management practices for soils and peat?

      The company states it takes measures to minimise soil erosion and degradation and to maintain or enhance soil fertility through best management practices. The company also commits to no conversion or degradation of peatlands of any depth.

    • P
      0.5 / 1

      91. Commitment to best management practices for soils and peat applies to all suppliers?

      The company's living landscape policy commits its suppliers to conserve forests and other natural habitats with high levels of biomass or organic carbon, but a clear commitment regarding best management practices on soils that applies to suppliers is not reported by the company.

    • P
      +
      0.75 / 1
      1 / 1

      92. Evidence of best management practices for soils and peat?

      The company makes this commitment through the FSC Principles and Criteria (FSC-STD-01-001 V5-2). Full points have therefore been awarded on the basis of the company's FSC certified landbank.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      93. Commitment to reduced impact logging?

      The company makes this commitment through the FSC Principles and Criteria (FSC-STD-01-001 V5-2). Full points have therefore been awarded on the basis of the company's FSC certified landbank (either 100% or ≥75% and a further commitment to be 100% certified within 5 years). The company also reports its own commitment to reduced impact logging.

    • N
      0 / 1

      94. Commitment to reduced impact logging applies to all suppliers?

    • Y
      +
      1 / 1
      1 / 1

      95. Evidence of implementing reduced impact logging practices?

      Comprehensive, externally verified points have been awarded on the basis of the company's FSC FM certification (FSC-STD-01-001 V5-2) as the requirements fully meet the SPOTT indicator criteria. Additional points have been awarded according to the percent of company landbank certified by FSC. The company also reports evidence of implementing reduced impact logging practices on its website.

    • 96. Commitment to zero burning?

      This indicator is disabled as the company reports that it only produces wood/wood fibre from natural forests.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      97. Commitment to zero burning applies to all suppliers?

      The company commits its suppliers to no use of fire in land clearance and preparation.

    • P
      0.75 / 2

      98. Evidence of fire monitoring and management?

      Limited, externally verified points have been awarded on the basis of the company's FSC FM certification (FSC-STD-01-001 V5-2) as the requirements do not fully meet the SPOTT indicator criteria.

    • N
      0 / 1

      99. Details/number of hotspots/fires in company FMUs?

    • N
      0 / 1

      100. Details/number of hotspots/fires in suppliers operations?

    • Y
      1 / 1

      101. Time-bound commitment to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions intensity?

      The company is committed to reducing GHG emissions by 50% both in its operations and company-managed farmer programs by 2030.

    • P
      0.5 / 1

      102. GHG emissions intensity?

      The company reports GHG emission intensity as 0.12 MT CO2 e/MT of product in 2021. However, it unclear if this covers only forestry operations.

    • 103. GHG emissions from land use change?

      This indicator is disabled as the company reports that it only produces wood/wood fibre from natural forests.

    • P
      0.5 / 1

      104. Progress towards commitment to reduce GHG emissions intensity?

      The company reports GHG emissions intensity (Scope 1 and 2) for its own processing operations as 0.13 in 2020 and 0.12 MT CO2 e/MT of product in 2021. However, this information is not externally verified and it is also unclear if this information only covers forestry operations of the company.

    • N
      0 / 1

      105. Methodology used to calculate GHG emissions?

  • Water, chemical and pest management Water, chemical and pest management
    12.5 / 16 78.1%
    • Organisation: 1 / 1 100%
    • Policy: 4.5 / 7 64.3%
    • Practice: 7 / 8 87.5%
    • Self-reported: 0 / 8 0%
    • External: 1 / 8 12.5%
    • Certified: 6 / 8 75%
    • 106. Time-bound commitment to improve water use intensity?

      This indicator is disabled as the company reports that it does not own pulp or paper mills.

    • 107. Water use intensity?

      This indicator is disabled as the company reports that it does not own pulp or paper mills.

    • 108. Progress towards commitment on water use intensity?

      This indicator is disabled as the company reports that it does not own pulp or paper mills.

    • 109. Time-bound commitment to improve water quality (BOD or COD)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company reports that it does not own pulp or paper mills.

    • 110. Progress towards commitment on water quality (BOD or COD)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company reports that it does not own pulp or paper mills.

    • 111. Treatment of pulp and paper mill effluent?

      This indicator is disabled as the company reports that it does not own pulp or paper mills.

    • N
      0 / 1

      112. Evidence of sawmill run-off containment and wastewater treatment?

    • 113. Proportion of processing facilities with closed-loop water treatment system?

      This indicator is disabled as the company reports that it does not own pulp or paper mills.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      114. Commitment to protect natural waterways through buffer zones?

      The company makes this commitment through the FSC Principles and Criteria (FSC-STD-01-001 V5-2). Full points have therefore been awarded on the basis of the company's FSC certified landbank (either 100% or ≥75% and a further commitment to be 100% certified within 5 years).

    • Y
      +
      1 / 1
      1 / 1

      115. Implementation of commitment to protect natural waterways through buffer zones?

      Comprehensive, externally verified points have been awarded on the basis of the company's FSC FM certification (FSC-STD-01-001 V5-2) as the requirements fully meet the SPOTT indicator criteria. Additional points have been awarded according to the percentage of company landbank certified by FSC. The FSC audit reports for each of the company's concessions provide information on buffer zones.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      116. Commitment to minimise the use of chemicals, including pesticides and chemical fertilisers?

      The company makes this commitment through the FSC Principles and Criteria (FSC-STD-01-001 V5-2). Full points have therefore been awarded on the basis of the company's FSC certified landbank (either 100% or ≥75% and a further commitment to be 100% certified within 5 years). The company also reports its own commitment to minimise the use of chemicals, including pesticides and chemical fertilisers.

    • P
      0.5 / 1

      117. Commitment to minimise the use of chemicals, including pesticides and chemical fertilisers, applies to all suppliers?

      The company only commits its suppliers to professionally managing agro-chemicals application and prohibiting the usage of agro-chemicals that are not legally registered in the country for commercial use, or excluded as per company's specification. A clear commitment to minimise the use of chemicals, including pesticides and chemical fertilisers for suppliers is not reported.

    • 118. Evidence of eliminating chlorine and chlorine compounds for bleaching?

      This indicator is disabled as the company reports that it does not own pulp or paper mills.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      119. Commitment to no use of World Health Organisation (WHO) Class 1A and 1B pesticides?

      The company makes this commitment through the FSC Principles and Criteria (FSC-STD-01-001 V5-2). Full points have therefore been awarded on the basis of the company's FSC certified landbank (either 100% or ≥75% and a further commitment to be 100% certified within 5 years). The company also reports its own commitment to no use of World Health Organisation (WHO) Class 1A and 1B pesticides.

    • N
      0 / 1

      120. Commitment to no use of World Health Organisation (WHO) Class 1A and 1B pesticides applies to all suppliers?

    • Y
      1 / 1

      121. Commitment to no use of chemicals listed under the Stockholm Convention and Rotterdam Convention?

      The company makes this commitment through the FSC Principles and Criteria (FSC-STD-01-001 V5-2). Full points have therefore been awarded on the basis of the company's FSC certified landbank (either 100% or ≥75% and a further commitment to be 100% certified within 5 years).

    • N
      0 / 1

      122. Commitment to no use of chemicals listed under the Stockholm Convention and Rotterdam Convention applies to all suppliers?

    • Y
      1 / 1

      123. Chemical usage per ha or list of chemicals used?

      The FSC audit reports of all company concessions mention that the company is not using chemical pesticides or fertilisers in its operations.

    • Y
      +
      1 / 1
      1 / 1

      124. Implementation of commitment to reduce chemical usage?

      Comprehensive, externally verified points have been awarded on the basis of the company's FSC FM certification (FSC-STD-01-001 V5-2) as the requirements fully meet the SPOTT indicator criteria. Additional points have been awarded according to the percent of company landbank certified by FSC. The FSC audit reports of all company concessions mention that the company is not using chemical pesticides or fertilisers in its operations.

    • Y
      +
      1 / 1
      1 / 1

      125. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) approach?

      Comprehensive, externally verified points have been awarded on the basis of the company's FSC FM certification (FSC-STD-01-001 V5-2) as the requirements fully meet the SPOTT indicator criteria. Additional points have been awarded according to the percentage of company landbank certified by FSC. The FSC audit reports of the company concessions mention that 'no pest management (artificial, integrated or chemical) are done due to the absence of significant natural pest due to the equilibrium in which these forests are in relation to natural pest – natural predators/control vectors. No chemical pesticides are applied.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      126. Waste management system in place to avoid negative impacts?

      [Externally verified] The FSC audit reports of the company concessions mention that the company maintains two procedures for waste management (dangerous and contaminated / common waste).

  • Community, land and labour rights Community, land and labour rights
    30.5 / 39 78.2%
    • Organisation: 4 / 5 80%
    • Policy: 16 / 21 76.2%
    • Practice: 10.5 / 13 80.8%
    • Self-reported: 2 / 13 15.4%
    • External: 3.5 / 13 26.9%
    • Certified: 5 / 13 38.5%
    • Y
      1 / 1

      127. Commitment to human rights?

      The company makes this commitment through the FSC Policy for Association (FSC-POL-01-004 V2-0). Full points have therefore been awarded on the basis of the company's FSC certification. The company is also a signatory to the UN Global Compact.

    • P
      0.5 / 1

      128. Commitment to human rights applies to all suppliers?

      The company only commits its suppliers to human rights. A commitment referencing the Universal Declaration of Human Rights or equivalent is not reported for suppliers.

    • P
      0.75 / 1

      129. Progress on human rights commitment ?

      The company reports undertaking a global human rights risk assessment in 2020 across 19 countries, with additional field assessments in high-risk areas. The company also mentions rolling out human rights training for its management team, and implementing robust outcome measures to understand, identify and address root causes of labour risks. However, the information reported is not externally verified.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      130. Commitment to respect indigenous and local communities' rights?

      The company makes this commitment through the FSC Policy for Association (FSC-POL-01-004 V2-0). Full points have therefore been awarded on the basis of the company's FSC certification. The company also reports its own commitment to indigenous and local communities' rights, however, the commitment does not reference the UN Declaration/ILO Convention.

    • P
      0.5 / 1

      131. Commitment to indigenous and local communities' rights applies to all suppliers?

      The company only commits its suppliers to respect the rights of local communities and indigenous people and their cultural heritage. However, the commitment does not reference the UN Declaration/ILO.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      132. Commitment to respect legal and customary land tenure rights?

      The company makes this commitment through the FSC Principles and Criteria (FSC-STD-01-001 V5-2) and PEFC International Standard (PEFC ST 1003:2018). Full points have therefore been awarded on the basis of the company's FSC and PEFC certified landbank (either 100% or ≥75% and a further commitment to be 100% certified within 5 years). The company also reports its own commitment to respect legal and customary land tenure rights.

    • P
      0.5 / 1

      133. Commitment to legal and customary land rights applies to all suppliers?

      The company commits its suppliers to respect the customary and legal tenure and access rights of Indigenous Peoples or other local communities. However, this commitment is reported in relation to FPIC.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      134. Commitment to free, prior and informed consent (FPIC)?

      The company reports its commitment to free, prior and informed consent (FPIC).

    • Y
      1 / 1

      135. Commitment to free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) applies to all suppliers?

      The company commits its suppliers to free, prior and informed consent (FPIC).

    • Y
      1 / 1

      136. Details of free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) process available?

      The company has published a guidance document on FPIC which details the FPIC process.

    • P
      0.5 / 1

      137. Examples of local stakeholder engagement to prevent conflicts?

      The company reports it operates 'Project Lisanga' which can help all remote communities that depend on partnerships and support. However, limited details are reported on this project.

    • N
      0 / 1

      138. Details of process for addressing land conflicts available?

    • P
      0.75 / 1

      139. Supports the inclusion of women across forestry operations, including addressing barriers faced?

      The company reports it has the GLOW (Globally Lifting Olam Women) programme and the Inclusion Diversity & Equality in Olam (IDEO) programme which aim to champion and sensitise the community on diversity and equality. The GLOW programme involves virtual learning journey and experience programmes from educational institutions to encourage women employees to embrace a growth mindset, cultivate collaborative leadership, overcome corporate mindsets and societal hurdles and to create an impact. The company also reports multiple other examples, however, the information reported is not externally verified.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      140. Company has provided valid legal documents to Open Timber Portal on population rights (at the time of SPOTT assessments)?

      [Externally verified] The company has provided all valid legal documents to Open Timber Portal on population rights. Please note: Company scores on Open Timber Portal are updated daily. Visit the OTP website to review the company's current performance by clicking on the source link.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      141. Commitment to enable sustainable use of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) by local communities?

      The company makes this commitment through the FSC Principles and Criteria (FSC-STD-01-001 V5-2). Full points have therefore been awarded on the basis of the company's FSC certified landbank (either 100% or ≥75% and a further commitment to be 100% certified within 5 years).

    • Y
      1 / 1

      142. Commitment to provide essential community services and facilities ?

      The company makes this commitment through the FSC Principles and Criteria (FSC-STD-01-001 V5-2). Full points have therefore been awarded on the basis of the company's FSC certified landbank (either 100% or ≥75% and a further commitment to be 100% certified within 5 years). The company also reports its own commitment to provide essential community services and facilities.

    • Y
      +
      1 / 1
      1 / 1

      143. Progress on commitment to provide essential community services and facilities?

      The company makes this commitment through the FSC Principles and Criteria (FSC-STD-01-001 V5-2). Full points have therefore been awarded on the basis of the company's FSC certified landbank. The company also reports evidence on the services and facilities provided to the community in its forestry operations, however, the data is from 2018.

    • P
      0.5 / 1

      144. Commitment to provide business/work opportunities for local communities?

      The company makes this commitment through the FSC Principles and Criteria (FSC-STD-01-001 V5-2). Full points have therefore been awarded on the basis of the company's FSC certified landbank (either 100% or ≥75% and a further commitment to be 100% certified within 5 years). The company's own reporting is not specifically related to its forestry operations.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      145. Company has provided valid legal documents to Open Timber Portal on labour regulations (at the time of SPOTT assessments)?

      [Externally verified] The company has provided all valid legal documents to Open Timber Portal on labour regulations. Please note: Company scores on Open Timber Portal are updated daily. Visit the OTP website to review the company's current performance by clicking on the source link.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      146. Commitment to Fundamental ILO Conventions or Free and Fair Labour Principles?

      The company makes this commitment through the FSC Policy for Association (FSC-POL-01-004 V2-0). Full points have therefore been awarded on the basis of the company's FSC certification. The company also reports its own commitment to all Fundamental ILO Conventions; referring to ILO number and to the same language as the title.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      147. Commitment to Fundamental ILO Conventions or Free and Fair Labour Principles applies to all suppliers?

      The company commits its suppliers to all Fundamental ILO Conventions; referring to ILO number and to the same language as the title.

    • Y
      +
      1 / 1
      1 / 1

      148. Progress on commitment to respect all workers' rights?

      Comprehensive, externally verified points have been awarded on the basis of the company's FSC FM certification (FSC-STD-01-001 V5-2) as the requirements fully meet the SPOTT indicator criteria. Additional points have been awarded according to the percent of company landbank certified by FSC. The company also reports it provides training on employment laws, workplace rights and sessions for managers to build understanding and raise awareness of employment and labour rights. Almost 16,000 employees received sexual harassment training; over 12,600 employees trained on children's rights, women's rights and labour rights; almost 16,500 employees attended diversity and inclusion training; over 30,000 employees provided with health, hygiene and wellness training. However, the information reported by the company is not externally verified.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      149. Commitment to eliminate gender related discrimination with regards to employment?

      The company reports a commitment to eliminate gender related discrimination with regards to employment.

    • P
      0.5 / 1

      150. Commitment to eliminate gender related discrimination with regards to employment applies to all suppliers?

      It is not clear if the commitment to eliminate gender discrimination outlined in the company's Fair Employment Policy applies to all suppliers. Specification for 'Level 3' audits (which seems to have the widest scope to include all suppliers) only refers to "workplace design makes reasonable accommodation for employees with special needs". The Supplier Code and Living Landscapes policy refer to no discrimination but do not specify based on gender.

    • P
      0.75 / 1

      151. Progress on commitment to eliminate gender related discrimination with regards to employment?

      [Externally verified] Limited, externally verified points have been awarded on the basis the company's landbank is either 100% or ≥75% (and a further commitment to be 100% certified within 5 years) FSC FM certified (FSC-STD-01-001 V5-2) as the requirements do not fully meet the SPOTT indicator criteria. The company also reports a few examples on commitment to eliminate gender related discrimination with regards to employment. However, the information is not externally verified.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      152. Percentage or number of temporary employees?

      48% - The company reports 48% of seasonal, casual, temporary and contract employees. Data as of 2021.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      153. Percentage or number of women employees?

      30% - Percentages of women employees for year 2021 is reported as 30%. This does not include the temporary women employees.

    • P
      0.5 / 1

      154. Commitment to pay a living wage?

      The company makes this commitment through the FSC Principles and Criteria (FSC-STD-01-001 V5-2). As the requirements do not fully meet the SPOTT indicator criteria partial points have therefore been awarded on the basis of the company's FSC certified landbank (either 100% or ≥75% and a further commitment to be 100% certified within 5 years). The company's own commitment only covers paying minimum wage.

    • P
      0.5 / 1

      155. Commitment to pay a living wage applies to all suplliers?

      The commitment stated in the company's Fair Employment Policy does not appear to apply to all suppliers. The company's Supplier Code states a requirement for "Providing fair wages and benefits that are in accordance with applicable laws, industry standards and collective agreements" but there is no explicit commitment to ensure all suppliers pay at least minimum wage.

    • P
      0.75 / 1

      156. Progress on commitment to pay a living wage?

      [Externally verified] Limited, externally verified points have been awarded on the basis the company's landbank is either 100% or ≥75% (and a further commitment to be 100% certified within 5 years) FSC FM certified (FSC-STD-01-001 V5-2) as the requirements do not fully meet the SPOTT indicator criteria. The FSC reports of the company's forestry concessions mention that the workers are paid a wage higher than minimum legal wage. However, this does not cover all operations of the company and the reporting is not as per the SPOTT's indicator framework.

    • N
      0 / 1

      157. Reporting of salary by gender?

    • Y
      1 / 1

      158. Commitment to address occupational health and safety?

      The company makes this commitment through the FSC Principles and Criteria (FSC-STD-01-001 V5-2). Full points have therefore been awarded on the basis of the company's FSC certified landbank (either 100% or ≥75% and a further commitment to be 100% certified within 5 years). The company's own commitment to address health and safety does not reference to the ILO Code of Practice on Safety and Health in Forestry Work.

    • P
      0.5 / 1

      159. Commitment to address occupational health and safety applies to all suppliers?

      The company commits its suppliers to address occupational health and safety, however, the commitment does not reference the ILO Code of Practice on Safety and Health in Forestry Work.

    • Y
      1 / 2

      160. Provision of personal protective equipment and related training?

      The FSC FM audit reports of the company's forestry concessions mention that the workers are provided personal protective equipment and related training.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      161. Time lost due to work-based injuries?

      0.95 - The company reports that the Lost Time Injury Frequency rate (LTIFR) for whole group (Tier 1, 2, 3 and 4) reduced to 0.95 in 2021 from 1.48 in 2020; however, for Tier 1 facilties it increased on last year (0.20 in 2021 vs 0.17 in 2020).

    • Y
      1 / 1

      162. Number of fatalities as a result of work-based accidents?

      15 - The company reports 15 fatalities in 2021 across all its operations.

  • Smallholders and suppliers Smallholders and suppliers
    1 / 5 20%
    • Organisation: 0 / 0 0%
    • Policy: 1 / 3 33.3%
    • Practice: 0 / 2 0%
    • Self-reported: 0 / 2 0%
    • External: 0 / 2 0%
    • Certified: 0 / 2 0%
    • 163. Commitment to support smallholders?

      This indicator is disabled as the company reports that it does not source wood/wood fibre from smallholders.

    • 164. Programme to support outgrower scheme and/or independent smallholders?

      This indicator is disabled as the company reports that it does not source wood/wood fibre from smallholders.

    • 165. Number or percentage of outgrower scheme and/or independent smallholders involved in programme?

      This indicator is disabled as the company reports that it does not source wood/wood fibre from smallholders.

    • P
      0.5 / 1

      166. Process used to prioritise, assess and/or engage suppliers on compliance with company's policy and/or legal requirements?

      The company explains in section III of its Living Landscapes Policy how the policy is applied, and in section VI how the time-bound commitments in the policy will be applied to third-party suppliers. However, limited details are provided and they do not cover all three key elements of a due diligence system.

    • N
      0 / 1

      167. Number or percentage of suppliers assessed and/or engaged on compliance with company's policy and/or legal requirements?

    • P
      0.5 / 1

      168. Suspension or exclusion criteria for suppliers?

      The company makes this commitment through the FSC Chain of Custody Certification Standard (FSC-STD-40-004 V3-1). Partial points have been awarded as the requirements do not fully meet the SPOTT scoring criteria. The company's own reporting mentions the suspension criteria, however, timeframes for action or steps taken are not provided.

    • N
      0 / 1

      169. Timebound action plans (including Key Performance Indicators) for suppliers to be in compliance with timber and pulp sourcing commitments?

    • N
      0 / 1

      170. Proportion of direct and indirect supply that comes from FMUs which are compliant with timber and pulp sourcing policies?

  • Governance and grievances Governance and grievances
    7.67 / 9 85.2%
    • Organisation: 0 / 0 0%
    • Policy: 4 / 5 80%
    • Practice: 3.7 / 4 91.8%
    • Self-reported: 1.8 / 4 43.8%
    • External: 1.9 / 4 48%
    • Certified: 0 / 4 0%
    • Y
      1 / 1

      171. Commitment to ethical conduct and prohibition of corruption?

      The company reports its commitment to ethical conduct and prohibition of corruption.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      172. Commitment to ethical conduct and prohibition of corruption applies to all suppliers?

      The company commits its suppliers to ethical conduct and prohibition of corruption.

    • P
      0.75 / 1

      173. Progress on commitment to ethical conduct and prohibition of corruption?

      The company reports that it has in place a comprehensive Ethical Business Programme (EBP) which includes policies relating to Bribery and Corruption, Conflicts of Interest and Sanctions together with global training to ensure implementation and enforcement. Employees globally undergo online training to familiarise with the ABC Policy. The rate of completion of the training is tracked and monitored by the Head of Ethics and Compliance and reported to the IA and the AC under the IRAF. However, the information reported is not externally verified.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      174. Company has provided valid legal documents to Open Timber Portal on legal registration (at the time of SPOTT assessments)?

      [Externally verified] The company has provided all valid legal documents to Open Timber Portal on legal registration. Please note: Company scores on Open Timber Portal are updated daily. Visit the OTP website to review the company's current performance by clicking on the source link.

    • N
      0 / 1

      175. Disclosure of the company’s management approach to tax and payments to governments?

    • P
      0.92 / 1

      176. Company has provided valid legal documents to Open Timber Portal on taxes, fees and royalties (at the time of SPOTT assessments)?

      [Externally verified] The company has provided 11/12 valid legal documents to Open Timber Portal on taxes, fees and royalties. Please note: Company scores on Open Timber Portal are updated daily. Visit the OTP website to review the company's current performance by clicking on the source link.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      177. Whistleblowing procedure?

      The company's code of conduct includes a "whistleblowing process flow".

    • Y
      1 / 1

      178. Own grievance or complaints system open to all stakeholders?

      The company provides information on its grievance or complaint system which is open to all stakeholders.

    • Y
      1 / 1

      179. Details of complaints and grievances disclosed?

      The company has provided a grievance monitoring log that details the date, status, and issues. The grievances reported are for company's forestry concessions.

Media monitor: Olam International

SPOTT monitors global media sources for coverage of assessed companies. The media monitor gathers reports about specific activities related to the assessment indicator categories. ZSL does not assess or score the validity of media coverage, but users can explore the media monitor to provide context on implementation, and infer risks associated with reported operations on the ground.

Timber and pulp media reports (23) Last media reports:
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