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International Paper

Timber and pulp assessment
  • Latest update: July 2019
  • Next scheduled: July 2020

Company assessment: International Paper – July 2019

Assessment date:

Total: 33.7% 43.5 / 129
  • Sustainability policy and leadership Sustainability policy and leadership
    9.5 / 11 86.4%
    • Yes
      1 / 1

      1. Sustainable forestry policy or commitment for all its operations?

      The company has a Policy on Environment, Health, Safety and Sustainability and a Global Procurement Policy that also applicable to its own operations

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      2. Sustainability policy or commitment applies to all sourcing?

      The company's Global Procurement Policy does not cover all of the company's operations (I.e. not applicable to joint ventures).

      Can you confirm if International Paper has any JVs with controlling stake?

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      3. High-level position of responsibility for sustainability?

      The company has a Public Policy and Environment Committee of the Board of Directors and a Global Citizenship Officer who are responsible for sustainability

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      4. One or more board members have responsibility for sustainability?

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      5. Percentage or number of women board members?

      25%

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      6. Percentage or number of women in senior management team?

      17%

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      7. Sustainability report published within last two years?

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      8. Member of multiple industry schemes or other external initiatives to improve forest management or transparency?

      Member of FSC, PEFC, WBCSD, Natural Capital Coalition, submitted to CDP in 2018, WWF-GFTN participant 2018

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      9. Activities with government, NGOs or academic institutions to improve the sustainability of forest products?

      The company collaborates with National Fish and Wildlife in a public-private conservation partnership, and with WWF to develop science-based targets for forests. The company helped launch the Carolinas Working Forest Conservation Collaborative to support sustainable forestry, conservation of forests, and enhancement of habitat for at-risk species in the US Coastal Carolinas Plain

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      10. Climate risks assessment available?

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      11. Natural capital assessment available?

  • Landbank, mills and traceability Landbank, mills and traceability
    7 / 23 30.4%
    • Yes
      1 / 1

      12. Lists countries and operations?

      The company provides details of operations on an interactive map which generates a list of 39 mills in USA, Canada, Brazil, Morocco, France, Spain, Poland, and Finland. The company also reports having forestry operations in Brazil, and refers to forest management certifications in Brazil, France, and Russia

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      13. Total area of natural forest designated for wood/wood fibre production (ha)?

      423,706 - The company reports this figure for Russia (1.047 M acres), but it is not clear that this is all natural forest operations because the company also reports having a forest management certificate for operations in France, and a subsidiary reports forest management certification for operations in India

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      14. Total area of forest plantation (ha)?

      133,142 - The company reports this figure for Brazil overall, and 72,000 ha of eucalyptus plantations in Brazil. However, it is unclear whether this accounts for all plantation operations because the company reports other forest management certificates for operations in France,and a subsidiary reports forest management certification in India

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      15. Area of plantation/natural forest within outgrower schemes (ha)?

      210,437 - The company reports a total area of 520,000 acres (210,437 ha) encompassed by private landowners helped towards FSC certification overall. The company reports 10,861 ha under "partnerships" in Brazil, and a subsidiary reports 535,000 acres (216,507 hectares) under a farm forestry initiative. However, it is not clear whether any of these involve contracted outgrowers

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      16. Unplanted (areas designated for future development as plantation forest) (ha)?

      13,570 - The company reports this figure as a development area in Brazil, but this does not cover the full scope of the company's operations

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      17. Conservation set-aside and/or HCV area (ha)?

      26,000 - The company reports this figure for environmental conservation areas in Brazil, but this does not cover the full scope of the company's operations

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      18. Area of Intact Forest Landscape (ha)?

    • No
      0 / 1

      19. Number of Forest Management Units (FMUs)?

      The company reports four FSC forest management certificates for operations in France (one), Russia (two) and Brazil (one) but this web page is undated. A subsidiary reports forest management certification for operations in India. The FSC website does not feature one of the certificates listed by the company for Russia; it is also unclear if the company has further FMUs without certification

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      20. Maps of forest management units (FMUs)?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      21. Forest management plans available for all FMUs?

      One summary of a management plan is available for operations in Brazil, and a description of the forest management plan for operations in France can be found in an audit report on the FSC website

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      22. Monitoring of forest management plan implementation?

      Monitoring information is available for the Brazilian operations only

    • 23. Company has provided valid legal documents to Open Timber Portal on use rights (at the time of SPOTT assessments)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company reports that it doesn't operate in a geography currently covered by Open Timber Portal

    • 24. Company has provided valid legal documents to Open Timber Portal on forest management (at the time of SPOTT assessments)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company reports that it doesn't operate in a geography currently covered by Open Timber Portal

    • 25. Company has provided valid legal documents to Open Timber Portal on timber harvesting (at the time of SPOTT assessments)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company reports that it doesn't operate in a geography currently covered by Open Timber Portal

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      26. Number of company owned pulp and paper mills?

      45 - This figure includes pulp, paper and packaging mills

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      27. Maps or addresses of company owned pulp and paper mills?

      The company has an interactive map of operations where addresses can be found, but when filtered by mill facilities it generates a list of 39 locations, which does not correspond to the number of pulp, paper and packaging facilities stated in the previous indicator

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      28. Number of company owned sawmills?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      29. Maps or addresses of company owned sawmills?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      30. Number of supplier mills?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      31. Maps or addresses of supplier mills?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      32. Procedures to trace raw materials to country of harvest?

      The company has FSC and PEFC CoC certification that only covers the certified portion of the supply

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      33. Procedures to trace raw materials to FMU level?

      The company has FSC and PEFC CoC certification that only covers the certified portion of the supply

    • No
      0 / 2
      No source

      34. Percentage of supply traceable to country level (above 80%)?

    • No
      0 / 2
      No source

      35. Percentage of supply traceable to FMU level (above 75%)?

  • Deforestation and biodiversity Deforestation and biodiversity
    5.5 / 12 45.8%
    • Yes
      1 / 1

      36. Commitment to zero conversion of natural forest?

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      37. Zero conversion commitment applies to all sourcing?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      38. Commitment to minimise the impact of logging roads?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      39. Commitment to protect forest areas from illegal activities?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      40. Evidence of monitoring deforestation?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      41. Amount of deforestation recorded?

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      42. Commitment to biodiversity conservation?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      43. Examples of species and/or habitat conservation management?

      The company provide one example of engaging landowners to conserve forest and enhance habitat for at-risk species

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      44. Implementing a landscape-level approach to biodiversity conservation?

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      45. Identified species of conservation concern referencing international or national system of species classification?

      The company reports threatened species and Brazilian and IUCN classification in one forest management plan summary for operations in Brazil

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      46. Commitment to sustainably manage the use of non-timber forest products (NTFPs)?

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      47. Commitment not to use genetically modified organisms?

  • HCV, HCS and impact assessments HCV, HCS and impact assessments
    1 / 8 12.5%
    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      48. Commitment to conduct High Conservation Value (HCV) assessments?

      The company does not have a direct commitment to conduct HCV assessments across all of its operations. However, the company has committed to not be directly or indirectly involved in the destruction of high conservation values in forestry operations. This commitment is made through the FSC Policy for Association (FSC-POL-01-004). For this half points are awarded.

      Can you confirm if International Paper has any JVs with controlling stake?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      49. HCV commitment applies to all sourcing?

      The company has committed to not be directly or indirectly involved in the destruction of high conservation values in forestry operations. This commitment is made through the FSC Policy for Association (FSC-POL-01-004). For this half points are awarded

    • 50. Commitment to only use licensed High Conservation Value (HCV) assessors accredited by the HCV Resource Network's Assessor Licensing Scheme (ALS)?

      This indicator is disabled until sufficient number of HCV ALS licensed assessors are available for the location where the company operates

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      51. High Conservation Value (HCV) assessments available?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      52. High Conservation Value (HCV) management and monitoring plans available?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      53. Commitment to the High Carbon Stock (HCS) Approach?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      54. High Carbon Stock (HCS) assessments available?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      55. Commitment to conduct social and environmental impact assessments (SEIAs)?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      56. Social and environmental impact assessments (SEIAs) available?

    • 57. Company has provided valid legal documents to Open Timber Portal on impact assessments (at the time of SPOTT assessments)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company reports that it doesn't operate in a geography currently covered by Open Timber Portal

  • Soils, fire and GHGs Soils, fire and GHGs
    2.5 / 14 17.9%
    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      58. Commitment to best management practices for soils and/or peat?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      59. Commitment to reduced impact logging?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      60. Commitment to no planting on peat of any depth?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      61. Commitment on peatland planting applies to all sourcing?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      62. Landbank or planted area on peat (ha)?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      63. Evidence of best management practices for soils and/or peat?

      The company described using methods to minimise impact on the soil within one FMU in Brazil, but does not mention best management practices on peat

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      64. Commitment to zero burning?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      65. Commitment to zero burning applies to all sourcing?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      66. Evidence of management and monitoring fires?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      67. Details/number of hotspots/fires in FMUs controlled by the company?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      68. Time-bound commitment to reduce GHG emissions intensity?

      The company has a commitment to reduce direct and indirect GHG emissions by 20% by 2020, from a 2010 baseline, but this is not a commitment to reduce emission intensity

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      69. Progress towards reducing GHG emission intensity?

      The company reports progress for overall emissions, not emission intensity. In 2017, the company reported that GHG emissions had been reduced by 21% compared with 2010

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      70. Report GHG emissions from land use change?

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      71. Methodology used to calculate GHG emissions?

      MRR-GHG, IPCC

  • Water, chemical and waste management Water, chemical and waste management
    2.5 / 13 19.2%
    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      72. Time-bound commitment to improve water quality (BOD and COD)?

      The company has a commitment to reduce BOD by 15% by 2020, from 2010 baseline. Figures reported exclude BOD to publicly owned treatment works, which accounts for approximately 35% of the company's effluent BOD. No similar commitment found for COD

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      73. Progress towards commitment on water quality (BOD and COD)?

      In 2017, the company reported a 23% decrease in BOD compared with 2010 baseline, more than the 20% decrease target for 2020. Figures reported exclude BOD to publicly owned treatment works, which accounts for approximately 35% of the company's effluent BOD. No information on COD found

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      74. Commitment to protection of natural waterways through buffer zones?

      A subsidiary specifies maintaining buffer zones but this does not cover all operations

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      75. Evidence of treatment of pulp and paper mill effluent?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      76. Evidence of sawmill run-off containment and wastewater treatment?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      77. Time-bound commitment to improve water use intensity?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      78. Progress towards commitment on water use intensity?

    • No
      0 / 1

      79. Commitment to eliminate chlorine and chlorine compounds for bleaching?

      The company only mentions that it has technology available at one of its mills to produce total chlorine free (TCF) products if required by customers

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      80. Commitment to minimise the use of chemicals, including pesticides and chemical fertilisers?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      81. No use of World Health Organisation (WHO) Class 1A and 1B pesticides?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      82. No use of chemicals listed under the Stockholm Convention and Rotterdam Convention?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      83. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) approach?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      84. Chemical usage per ha or list of chemicals used?

  • Community, land and labour rights Community, land and labour rights
    10 / 22 45.5%
    • Yes
      1 / 1

      85. Commitment to human rights, referencing the UN Declaration on Human Rights or UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights?

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      86. Commitment to human rights applies to all sourcing?

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      87. Commitment to respect indigenous and local communities' rights?

      The company has committed to not be directly or indirectly involved in the violation of human rights in forestry operations. This commitment is made through the FSC Policy for Association (FSC-POL-01-004), which encompasses the rights of Indigenous and Tribal Peoples as established by the ILO Convention 169

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      88. Commitment to respect legal and customary property rights?

      The company has committed to not be directly or indirectly involved in the violation of traditional rights in forestry operations. This commitment is made through the FSC Policy for Association (FSC-POL-01-004), which encompasses customary rights. This policy does not reference legal rights, and no reference to legal rights could be found in company sources

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      89. Commitment to free, prior and informed consent (FPIC)?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      90. FPIC commitment applies to independent suppliers?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      91. Details of free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) process available?

    • No
      0 / 1

      92. Examples of local stakeholder engagement to prevent conflicts?

      The company describes the importance of stakeholder engagement in its South American operations, but does not give specific examples. The company also provides examples of community engagement through charitable foundations globally, but does not give examples of engagement in the context of preventing conflicts in relation to its operations

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      93. Details of process for addressing land conflicts available?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      94. Commitment to support the inclusion of women across forestry operations, including addressing barriers faced?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      95. Commitment to provide essential community services and facilities?

      The company funds community projects and undertakes corporate social responsibility work through its own charitable foundations in Brazil, India, Poland and USA, but does not have a commitment to provide essential services

    • 96. Company has provided valid legal documents to Open Timber Portal on population rights (at the time of SPOTT assessments)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company reports that it doesn't operate in a geography currently covered by Open Timber Portal

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      97. Commitment to respect all workers' rights?

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      98. Reference to Fundamental ILO Conventions?

      The company states it does not tolerate child labour or forced labour, recognises the right to freedom of association and collective bargaining, and is committed to a providing a workplace free of discrimination. In addition, the company has committed to not be directly or indirectly involved in the violation of any of the ILO Core Conventions. This commitment is made through the FSC Policy for Association (FSC-POL-01-004)

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      99. Commitment to eliminate gender related discrimination with regards to employment and occupation?

    • 100. Company has provided valid legal documents to Open Timber Portal on labour regulations (at the time of SPOTT assessments)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company reports that it doesn't operate in a geography currently covered by Open Timber Portal

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      101. Percentage or number of temporary employees?

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      102. Percentage or number of women employees?

      18% - This figure represents the company's global workforce

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      103. Payment of minimum wage?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      104. Reporting of salary by gender?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      105. Commitment to address occupational health and safety, referencing the ILO Code of Practice on Safety and Health in Forestry Work?

      The company commits to address health and safety at work for all workers, but does not reference the ILO Code of Practice

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      106. Time lost due to work-based injuries?

      0.25 - Lost Work Day Incident Rate

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      107. Number of fatalities as a result of work-based accidents?

      3

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      108. Provision of personal protective equipment and related training?

      The company states it provides training, but does not specify it provides protective equipment

  • Certification standards Certification standards
    0.5 / 14 3.6%
    • No
      0 / 1

      109. Time-bound plan for achieving 100% third-party legality verification of FMUs or achieved?

      The company reports having FSC and CERFLOR certification for forestry operations in Brazil and Russia, and subsidiaries with forest management certification in France and India, but it is unclear whether this covers all operations

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      110. Time-bound plan to source only wood/wood fibre that is in legal compliance verified by a third party?

      2,020 - The company has a target to increase third-party certified fibre supply by 35% by 2020, from a 2010 baseline, but does not specify the verification system

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      111. Percentage area (ha) verified as being in legal compliance by a third party?

      The company reports having FSC and CERFLOR certification for forestry operations in Brazil and Russia, and subsidiaries with forest management certification in France and India, but it is unclear whether this covers all operations and it is not possible to calculate the percentage of total land under certification

    • No
      0 / 1

      112. Percentage of all wood/wood fibre supply traded/processed verified as being in legal compliance by a third party?

      35% - In 2017, the company reported a 34% increase in its certified wood fibre supply compared to 2010 however it is unclear what percentage of the company's total supply is certified

    • No
      0 / 1

      113. Time-bound plan for achieving 100% FSC FM certification of FMUs or achieved 100% FSC-certification of FMUs?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      114. Commitment to source only wood/wood fibre that meets FSC Controlled Wood requirements?

    • No
      0 / 2

      115. Percentage area (ha) FSC FM certified?

      The company reports having FSC and CERFLOR certification for forestry operations in Brazil and Russia, and subsidiaries with forest management certification in France and India, but it is unclear whether this covers all operations and it is not possible to calculate the percentage of total land under FSC certification

    • No
      0 / 2
      No source

      116. Percentage of wood/wood fibre supply from outgrower scheme and/or independent suppliers that is FSC FM certified?

      In 2017, the company states it has supported 218 private landowners (520,000 acres) to become FSC certified and also reported a 34% increase in its certified wood fibre supply compared to 2010, however it is unclear what percentage of the company's total supply is FSC FM certified

    • No
      0 / 2

      117. Percentage of all wood/wood fibre supply traded/processed that are FSC certified (above 75%)?

      In 2017, the company reported a 34% increase in its certified wood fibre supply compared to 2010 however it is unclear what percentage of the company's total supply is FSC certified

    • No
      0 / 2

      118. Percentage area (ha) PEFC certified (excluding FSC certified area)?

      The company states it has PEFC/CERFLOR certfied land in Brazil, but given other reported forest management operations it is not possible to calculate the percentage that this represents

  • Smallholders and suppliers Smallholders and suppliers
    2.5 / 6 41.7%
    • No
      0 / 1

      119. Programme to support outgrower scheme smallholders?

      The company reports supporting 218 private landowners in achieving certification, but it is unclear whether these are contracted outgrowers

    • No
      0 / 1

      120. Percentage of outgrower scheme smallholders involved in programme?

      The company reports supporting 218 private landowners in achieving certification, but it is unclear whether these are contracted outgrowers

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      121. Process used to prioritise, assess and/or engage suppliers on compliance with company's policy and/or legal requirements?

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      122. The company has a Due Diligence System (DDS)?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      123. Suspension or exclusion criteria for suppliers?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      124. Percentage of suppliers assessed and/or engaged on compliance with company requirements?

      The company reports that 78 high-priority suppliers were surveyed in 2017, and that it works with selected suppliers on the findings, but it is unclear whether this involved direct engagement with all 78 suppliers surveyed

  • Governance and grievances Governance and grievances
    2.5 / 6 41.7%
    • Yes
      1 / 1

      125. Commitment to ethical conduct and prohibition of corruption?

    • 126. Company has provided valid legal documents to Open Timber Portal on legal registration (at the time of SPOTT assessments)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company reports that it doesn't operate in a geography currently covered by Open Timber Portal

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      127. Disclosure of the company's management approach to tax and payments to governments?

      The company has a UK Tax Strategy, but a strategy for all operations could not be found

    • 128. Company has provided valid legal documents to Open Timber Portal on taxes, fees and royalties (at the time of SPOTT assessments)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company reports that it doesn't operate in a geography currently covered by Open Timber Portal

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      129. Whistleblowing procedure?

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      130. Own grievance or complaints system open to all stakeholders?

    • No
      0 / 2
      No source

      131. Details of grievances disclosed?

Media monitor: International Paper

SPOTT gathers reports and stories from global media sources, covering specific company activities related to the assessment indicator categories. ZSL does not assess the validity of these reports.

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Scoring criteria: International Paper

Scoring criteria guide how ZSL conducts SPOTT assessments and allocates scores to ensure a fair and consistent approach, setting the expectations for companies on how they should publish ESG data. The full indicator framework contains 131 indicators across 10 categories.

SPOTT is a ZSL initiative.
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