Skip to content
Menu Search

Kharisma Pemasaran Bersama Nusantara PT (PT. KPBN)

Palm oil assessment
  • Latest update: October 2019
  • Next scheduled: October 2020

Show ESG scores Show supply chain scores
  • Parent company:
    Nusantara Plantation Holding Company
  • Bloomberg ticker:
    Private
  • RSPO member?
    No
  • Website:

Company assessment: Kharisma Pemasaran Bersama Nusantara PT (PT. KPBN) – October 2019

Assessment date:

Score by disclosure type:

Total: 3.6% 3.63 / 102
  • Organisation: 2.5 / 17 14.7%
  • Policy: 1 / 50 2%
  • Practice: 0.1 / 35 0.4%
  • Self-reported: 0 / 35 0%
  • External: 0.1 / 35 0.4%
  • Certified: 0 / 35 0%
  • Sustainability policy and leadership Sustainability policy and leadership
    1.5 / 8 18.8%
    • Organisation: 1.5 / 4 37.5%
    • Policy: 0 / 1 0%
    • Practice: 0 / 3 0%
    • Self-reported: 0 / 3 0%
    • External: 0 / 3 0%
    • Certified: 0 / 3 0%
    • 1. Sustainable palm oil policy or commitment for all its operations?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      2. Sustainable palm oil policy or commitment applies to all suppliers?

    • Y
      1 / 1

      3. High-level position of responsibility for sustainability?

      Manager Sustainable Commodity

    • 4. One or more members within the board of the company have responsibility for sustainability?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is not publicly listed

    • P
      0.5 / 1

      5. Percentage or number of women in senior management team?

      The company does not report the number or percentage of women in its senior management team but pictures and names published on its website suggest there are no women

    • 6. Percentage or number of women board members?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is not publicly listed

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      7. Member of multiple industry schemes or other external initiatives to reduce negative environmental or social outcomes associated with palm oil production?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      8. Collaboration with stakeholders to reduce negative environmental or social outcomes associated with palm oil production?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      9. Sustainability report published within last two years?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      10. Reports through standardised reporting systems?

    • 11. Verification report on compliance with POIG Charter, if a POIG member?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is not a POIG member

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      12. Climate risks assessment available?

  • Landbank, maps and traceability Landbank, maps and traceability
    0 / 11 0%
    • Organisation: 0 / 5 0%
    • Policy: 0 / 2 0%
    • Practice: 0 / 4 0%
    • Self-reported: 0 / 4 0%
    • External: 0 / 4 0%
    • Certified: 0 / 4 0%
    • 13. Total land area managed/controlled for oil palm (ha)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 14. Total oil palm planted area (ha)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 15. Plasma/scheme smallholders planted area (ha)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 16. Unplanted (areas designated for future planting) (ha)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 17. Conservation set-aside area, including HCV area (ha)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 18. Area for infrastructure (ha)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 19. Maps of estates/management units?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 20. Maps of scheme/plasma smallholders?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      21. Names and locations of all third-party supplying plantations?

    • 22. Number of company-owned mills?

      This indicator is disabled as the company does not own mills

    • 23. Names and coordinates of company-owned mills?

      This indicator is disabled as the company does not own mills

    • 24. Number (or percentage) of company-owned mills that source from company-owned plantations and/or third-party plantations?

      This indicator is disabled as the company does not own mills

    • 25. Total volumes (or percentages) sourced by company-owned mills that come from company-owned plantations and/or third-party plantations?

      This indicator is disabled as the company does not own mills

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      26. Number of supplier mills?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      27. Names and coordinates of all third-party supplying mills?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      28. Number (or percentage) of third-party supplier mills that source from their own plantations and/or third-party plantations?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      29. Total volumes (or percentages) sourced from third-party supplier mills that come from their own plantations and/or third-party plantations?

    • 30. Total volume (or percentage) sourced for refineries that comes from intermediary traders and/or refiners rather than directly from mills?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is not a refiner

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      31. Time-bound commitment to achieve 100% traceability to mill level?

    • N
      0 / 2
      No source

      32. Percentage of supply traceable to mill level?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      33. Time-bound commitment to achieve 100% traceability to plantation level?

    • 34. Percentage of fresh fruit bunches (FFB) from own mills traceable to plantation level?

      This indicator is disabled as the company does not own mills

    • N
      0 / 2
      No source

      35. Percentage of fresh fruit bunches (FFB) from supplier mills traceable to plantation level?

    • 36. Publishes traceability data at refinery level?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is not a refiner

    • 37. Publishes traceability data at crusher level?

      This indicator is disabled as the company does not own crushing facilities

  • Deforestation and biodiversity Deforestation and biodiversity
    0 / 10 0%
    • Organisation: 0 / 1 0%
    • Policy: 0 / 5 0%
    • Practice: 0 / 4 0%
    • Self-reported: 0 / 4 0%
    • External: 0 / 4 0%
    • Certified: 0 / 4 0%
    • 38. Commitment to zero deforestation or zero conversion of natural ecosystems?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      39. Commitment to zero deforestation or zero conversion of natural ecosystems applies to all suppliers?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      40. Criteria for defining deforestation?

    • N
      0 / 2
      No source

      41. Evidence of monitoring deforestation?

    • 42. Amount of illegal/non-compliant deforestation recorded in own operations?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      43. Amount of illegal/non-compliant deforestation recorded in supplier operations?

    • 44. Commitment to restoration of non-compliant deforestation/conversion?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      45. Commitment to restoration of non-compliant deforestation/conversion applies to all suppliers?

    • N
      0 / 2
      No source

      46. Implementing a landscape or jurisdictional level approach?

    • 47. Commitment to biodiversity conservation?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      48. Commitment to biodiversity conservation applies to all suppliers?

    • 49. Identified species of conservation concern, referencing international or national system of species classification?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 50. Examples of species and/or habitat conservation management?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 51. Commitment to no hunting or only sustainable hunting of species?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      52. Commitment to no hunting or only sustainable hunting of species applies to all suppliers?

  • HCV, HCS and impact assessments HCV, HCS and impact assessments
    0 / 4 0%
    • Organisation: 0 / 0 0%
    • Policy: 0 / 4 0%
    • Practice: 0 / 0 0%
    • Self-reported: 0 / 0 0%
    • External: 0 / 0 0%
    • Certified: 0 / 0 0%
    • 53. Commitment to conduct High Conservation Value (HCV) assessments?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      54. Commitment to conduct High Conservation Value (HCV) assessments applies to all suppliers?

    • 55. High Conservation Value (HCV) assessments for planting undertaken prior to January 2015, and associated management and monitoring plans?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 56. High Conservation Value (HCV) assessments for all estates planted since January 2015?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 57. High Conservation Value (HCV) management and monitoring plans for all estates planted since January 2015?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 58. Commitment to only use licensed High Conservation Value (HCV) assessors accredited by the HCV Resource Network's Assessor Licensing Scheme (ALS)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      59. Commitment to only use licensed High Conservation Value (HCV) assessors accredited by the HCV Resource Network's Assessor Licensing Scheme (ALS) applies to all suppliers?

    • 60. Satisfactory review of all High Conservation Value (HCV) assessments undertaken since January 2015 by the HCV ALS Quality Panel?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 61. Commitment to the High Carbon Stock (HCS) Approach?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      62. Commitment to the High Carbon Stock (HCS) Approach applies to all suppliers?

    • 63. High Carbon Stock (HCS) assessments?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 64. Commitment to conduct social and environmental impact assessments (SEIAs)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      65. Commitment to conduct social and environmental impact assessments (SEIAs) applies to all suppliers?

    • 66. Social and environmental impact assessments (SEIAs) undertaken, and associated management and monitoring plans?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

  • Peat, fire and GHG emissions Peat, fire and GHG emissions
    0 / 4 0%
    • Organisation: 0 / 1 0%
    • Policy: 0 / 3 0%
    • Practice: 0 / 0 0%
    • Self-reported: 0 / 0 0%
    • External: 0 / 0 0%
    • Certified: 0 / 0 0%
    • 67. Commitment to no planting on peat of any depth?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      68. Commitment to no planting on peat of any depth applies to all suppliers?

    • 69. Implementation of commitment to no planting on peat of any depth?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 70. Landbank or planted area on peat?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 71. Commitment to best management practices for soils and peat?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      72. Commitment to best management practices for soils and peat applies to all suppliers?

    • 73. Evidence of best management practices for soils and peat?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 74. Commitment to zero burning?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      75. Commitment to zero burning applies to all suppliers?

    • 76. Evidence of fire monitoring and management?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 77. Details/number of hotspots/fires in company estates?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 78. Details/number of hotspots/fires within surrounding landscape/smallholders?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 79. Time-bound commitment to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions intensity?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 80. Methodology used to calculate GHG emissions?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 81. Progress towards commitment to reduce GHG emissions intensity?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 82. Percentage of mills with methane capture (100%)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      83. GHG emissions intensity?

    • 84. GHG emissions from land use change?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

  • Water, chemical and pest management Water, chemical and pest management
    0 / 6 0%
    • Organisation: 0 / 1 0%
    • Policy: 0 / 5 0%
    • Practice: 0 / 0 0%
    • Self-reported: 0 / 0 0%
    • External: 0 / 0 0%
    • Certified: 0 / 0 0%
    • 85. Time-bound commitment to improve water use intensity?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 86. Progress towards commitment on water use intensity?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      87. Water use intensity?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      88. Time-bound commitment to improve water quality (BOD and COD)?

    • 89. Progress towards commitment on water quality (BOD and COD)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 90. Treatment of palm oil mill effluent (POME) and/or palm oil refinery effluent (PORE)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 91. Commitment to protect natural waterways through buffer zones?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 92. Implementation of commitment to protect natural waterways through buffer zones?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 93. Commitment to minimise the use of chemicals, including pesticides and chemical fertilisers?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      94. Commitment to minimise the use of chemicals, including pesticides and chemical fertilisers, applies to all suppliers?

    • 95. Implementation of commitment to reduce chemical usage?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 96. Chemical usage per ha or list of chemicals used?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 97. Commitment to no use of paraquat?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      98. Commitment to no use of paraquat applies to all suppliers?

    • 99. Commitment to no use of World Health Organisation (WHO) Class 1A and 1B pesticides?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      100. Commitment to no use of World Health Organisation (WHO) Class 1A and 1B pesticides applies to all suppliers?

    • 101. Commitment to no use of chemicals listed under the Stockholm Convention and Rotterdam Convention?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      102. Commitment to no use of chemicals listed under the Stockholm Convention and Rotterdam Convention applies to all suppliers?

    • 103. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) approach?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

  • Community, land and labour rights Community, land and labour rights
    0 / 32 0%
    • Organisation: 0 / 4 0%
    • Policy: 0 / 18 0%
    • Practice: 0 / 10 0%
    • Self-reported: 0 / 10 0%
    • External: 0 / 10 0%
    • Certified: 0 / 10 0%
    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      104. Commitment to human rights?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      105. Commitment to human rights applies to all suppliers?

    • N
      0 / 2
      No source

      106. Progress on human rights commitment?

    • 107. Commitment to respect legal and customary land tenure rights?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      108. Commitment to legal and customary land rights applies to all suppliers?

    • 109. Details of process for addressing land conflicts available?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 110. Commitment to respect indigenous and local communities' rights?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      111. Commitment to indigenous and local communities' rights applies to all suppliers?

    • 112. Examples of local stakeholder engagement to prevent conflicts?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 113. Commitment to free, prior and informed consent (FPIC)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      114. Commitment to free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) applies to all suppliers?

    • 115. Details of free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) process available?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      116. Commitment to support the inclusion of women across palm oil operations, including addressing barriers faced?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      117. Commitment to support the inclusion of women across palm oil operations, including addressing barriers faced, applies to all suppliers?

    • 118. Commitment to mitigate impacts on food security?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      119. Commitment to mitigate impacts on food security applies to all suppliers?

    • 120. Progress on commitment to mitigate impacts on food security?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 121. Commitment to provide essential community services and facilities?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 122. Progress on commitment to provide essential community services and facilities?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      123. Commitment to respect all workers' rights?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      124. Commitment to respect all workers' rights applies to all suppliers?

    • N
      0 / 2
      No source

      125. Progress on commitment to respect all workers' rights?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      126. Commitment to Fundamental ILO Conventions or Free and Fair Labour Principles?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      127. Commitment to Fundamental ILO Conventions or Free and Fair Labour Principles applies to all suppliers?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      128. Commitment to eliminate gender-related discrimination with regards to employment and occupation?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      129. Commitment to eliminate gender-related discrimination with regards to employment and occupation applies to all suppliers?

    • 130. Percentage or number of temporary employees?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      131. Percentage or number of women employees?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      132. Commitment to pay at least minimum wage?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      133. Commitment to pay at least minimum wage applies to all suppliers?

    • N
      0 / 2
      No source

      134. Progress on commitment to pay minimum wage?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      135. Reporting of salary by gender?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      136. Commitment to address occupational health and safety?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      137. Commitment to address occupational health and safety applies to all suppliers?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      138. Reduction of time lost due to work-based injuries?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      139. Time lost due to work-based injuries?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      140. Zero fatalities as a result of work-based accidents?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      141. Number of fatalities as a result of work-based accidents?

    • N
      0 / 2
      No source

      142. Provision of personal protective equipment and related training?

  • Certification standards Certification standards
    2.13 / 7 30.4%
    • Organisation: 1 / 1 100%
    • Policy: 1 / 1 100%
    • Practice: 0.1 / 5 2.6%
    • Self-reported: 0 / 5 0%
    • External: 0.1 / 5 2.6%
    • Certified: 0 / 5 0%
    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      143. Member of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO)?

    • N
      0 / 1

      144. RSPO-certified within three years of joining the RSPO or by November 2010 for companies joining prior to finalisation of the RSPO certification systems in November 2007?

      The company states in its 2018 ACOP that its year of first certification was 2011 but it has only been an RSPO member since April 2012

    • Y
      1 / 1

      145. Submitted most recent RSPO Annual Communication of Progress (ACOP)?

    • 146. Listed all countries and regions in which operates in most recent RSPO Annual Communication of Progress (ACOP)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 147. Time-bound plan for achieving 100% RSPO certification of estates and mills within five years or achieved 100% RSPO-certification of estates?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 148. Percentage of area (ha) RSPO-certified?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 149. Percentage of scheme/plasma smallholders (ha) RSPO-certified?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 150. Percentage of mills RSPO-certified?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 151. Time-bound plan for achieving 100% RSPO certification of scheme/plasma/ associated smallholders and outgrowers within five years or target already achieved?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 152. Percentage of FFB supply (tonnes) from independent smallholders/ outgrowers/third-party FFB suppliers that is RSPO-certified?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • Y
      1 / 1

      153. Year expected to achieve 100% RSPO certification of all palm product processing facilities?

      2025

    • P
      0.13 / 1

      154. Percentage of all palm oil and oil palm products handled/traded/ processed (tonnes) that is RSPO-certified?

      348,036 tonnes certified out of 2,674,881 tonnes handled/traded: 13.01%

    • N
      0 / 1

      155. Sells or processes/trades RSPO-certified palm oil through Segregated or Identity Preserved supply chains?

      Mass Balance

    • 156. Indonesia Sustainable Palm Oil (ISPO) certified (100%)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 157. Malaysia Sustainable Palm Oil (MSPO) certified?

      This indicator is disabled as the company does not operate in Malaysia

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      158. Certified under voluntary sustainability certification scheme (e.g. ISCC, SAS, RSB, etc.)?

  • Smallholders and suppliers Smallholders and suppliers
    0 / 12 0%
    • Organisation: 0 / 0 0%
    • Policy: 0 / 6 0%
    • Practice: 0 / 6 0%
    • Self-reported: 0 / 6 0%
    • External: 0 / 6 0%
    • Certified: 0 / 6 0%
    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      159. Commitment to support smallholders?

    • 160. Programme to support scheme/plasma smallholders?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 161. Percentage of scheme/plasma smallholders involved in programme?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 162. Programme to support independent smallholders/outgrowers?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • 163. Percentage of independent smallholders/outgrowers involved in programme?

      This indicator is disabled as the company is only a trader

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      164. Process used to prioritise, assess and/or engage suppliers on compliance with company's policy and/or legal requirements?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      165. Percentage of suppliers assessed and/or engaged on compliance with company requirements?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      166. Time-bound plan to engage with all high-risk mills within three years?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      167. Programme to support high-risk mills to become compliant with sourcing policies?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      168. Regularly engages with a subset of high-risk mills?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      169. Procedures in place to assess all own and third-party supplying palm oil mills for risk level?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      170. Regularly assesses and categorises the risk level of all own and third-party supplying mills?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      171. Regularly reports the risk level of all own and third-party supplying mills identified in its supply chain?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      172. Suspension or exclusion criteria for suppliers?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      173. Time-bound action plans (including Key Performance Indicators) for suppliers to be in compliance with palm oil sourcing commitments?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      174. Proportion of direct and indirect supply that comes from palm oil plantations which are compliant with palm oil sourcing policies?

  • Governance and grievances Governance and grievances
    0 / 8 0%
    • Organisation: 0 / 0 0%
    • Policy: 0 / 5 0%
    • Practice: 0 / 3 0%
    • Self-reported: 0 / 3 0%
    • External: 0 / 3 0%
    • Certified: 0 / 3 0%
    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      175. Commitment to ethical conduct and prohibition of corruption?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      176. Commitment to ethical conduct and prohibition of corruption applies to all suppliers?

    • N
      0 / 2
      No source

      177. Progress on commitment to ethical conduct and prohibition of corruption?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      178. Disclosure of the company's management approach to tax and payments to governments?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      179. Whistleblowing procedure?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      180. Own grievance or complaints system open to all stakeholders?

    • N
      0 / 1
      No source

      181. Details of complaints and grievances disclosed?

Media monitor: Kharisma Pemasaran Bersama Nusantara PT (PT. KPBN)

SPOTT gathers reports and stories from global media sources, covering specific company activities related to the assessment indicator categories. ZSL does not assess the validity of these reports.

Category filter:
No article available.

Scoring criteria: Kharisma Pemasaran Bersama Nusantara PT (PT. KPBN)

Scoring criteria guide how ZSL conducts SPOTT assessments and allocates scores to ensure a fair and consistent approach, setting the expectations for companies on how they should publish ESG data. The full palm oil indicator framework contains 181 indicators across 10 categories, aligned with corporate reporting initiatives.

SPOTT is a ZSL initiative.
Zoological Society of London (ZSL)