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Indonesian palm oil and rubber producer Bakrie Sumatera Plantations is the agricultural subsidiary of Bakrie

  • Parent company:
    PT Bakrie & Brothers Tbk
  • Landbank (oil palm):
    84,188 hectares
  • Palm cultivation revenue:
    72.15%
  • Market cap:
    18,373,138 USD
  • Thomson Reuters ticker:
    UNSP.JK
  • Bloomberg ticker:
    UNSP IJ
  • ISIN:
    ID1000099708
  • RSPO member?
    Yes. Bakrie Sumatera Plantations got suspended from the RSPO and reinstated in September 2015.
  • Website:

Company assessment: Bakrie Sumatera Plantations Tbk PT – November 2017

SPOTT assesses companies against over 100 indicators across ten categories. Click on the icons or bars below to expand each category for further details, scoring and links to reports and sources.

Assessment date:

Total: 38.4% 42 / 109.5
  • Sustainability policy and leadership Sustainability policy and leadership 1.5 / 6 25%
    • Companies should publish sustainability policies or similar covering their entire supply chain — including third party suppliers — implemented and enforced through high-level leadership that engages with wider industry schemes.

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      1. Sustainable palm oil policy or commitment for all its operations?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      2. Policy or commitment applies to direct and third-party suppliers?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      3. High-level position of responsibility for sustainability?

      The company states: "The management on natural environment in operational level is the responsibility of Environmental, Quality, Occupational Health and Safety Division. The head of this division is directly responsible to the Upstream Department", however, it is not clear how high the level of responsibility is as reports to Upstream Department

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      4. Sustainability report published within last two years?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      5. Member of multiple industry schemes or other external initiatives to improve sustainability in relation to palm oil?

    • n/a
      -
      No source

      6. Verification report on compliance with POIG Charter, if a POIG member?

      This indicator is disabled as it is not applicable to this company.

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      7. Activities with government and/or NGOs to improve palm oil sustainability?

  • Landbank, maps and traceability Landbank, maps and traceability 7 / 13 53.8%
    • Companies should publicly report figures on their total landbank and details of different areas under their management. They should also disclose maps of their management areas and provide details on traceability of their products, both to mill and plantation level.

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      8. Total land area managed/controlled for oil palm (ha)?

      84,187.5

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      9. Total oil palm planted area (ha)?

      65,713

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      10. Plasma/scheme smallholders planted area (ha)?

      14,048

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      11. Unplanted (areas designated for future planting)(ha)?

      4,362

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      12. Conservation set-aside area, including HCV area (ha)?

      1,166.85 - Yes, conservation area is 1,166.85 ha as reported in the 2015 sustainability report, which covers HCV areas in North Sumatra, West Sumatra and Jambi. A figure of 63.45 ha is also reported in 2016 ACOP and 2016 Annual Report. Data more than one year old (2015)

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      13. Area for infrastructure (ha)?

      120.4

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      14. Number of company owned mills?

      5 - The company states it has 5 mills in its annual and sustainability reports, however the company's 2016 ACOP states they only have 3 and the company's website states they have 8 under their management, with two owned by a 25% associate. Data more than one year old (2015)

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      15. Maps or coordinates of company owned mills?

      Mill locations have been made available on Global Forest Watch. However, ZSL is currently unable to ascertain if the maps disclosed constitute 100% of the company's palm oil mills

    • n/a
      -
      No source

      16. Number and names of supplier mills?

      This indicator is disabled as it is not applicable to this company.

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      17. Maps of estates/management units?

      Concession boundaries have been made available to the RSPO and the company declares these represent 100% of their concession sites, but these may not cover all operations as the 2016 ACOP only mentions operations in North Sumatra, West Sumatra and Jambi. Not all maps may be publicly available due to ongoing legal issues. The company also has some concessions available on Global Forest Watch

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      18. Maps of scheme/plasma smallholders?

    • n/a
      -
      No source

      19. Time-bound commitment to achieve 100% traceability to mill level?

      This indicator is disabled as it is not applicable to this company.

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      20. Time-bound commitment to achieve 100% traceability to plantation level?

    • n/a
      -
      No source

      21. Percentage of supply traceable to mill level (above 80%)?

      This indicator is disabled as it is not applicable to this company.

    • No
      0 / 2
      No source

      22. Percentage of fresh fruit bunches (FFB) from own mills traceable to plantation level (is above 75%)?

    • n/a
      -
      No source

      23. Percentage of fresh fruit bunches (FFB) from supplier mills traceable to plantation level (is above 75%)?

      This indicator is disabled as it is not applicable to this company.

  • Deforestation and biodiversity Deforestation and biodiversity 2 / 12 16.7%
    • Companies should commit to address deforestation and to set aside areas for conservation. They should report on any activities to manage or restore habitat in their conservation areas, or monitor deforestation in their supply chains. They should also provide evidence of species conservation and biodiversity protection.

    • No
      0 / 0.5
      Source

      24. Commitment to address deforestation?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      25. Commitment to zero deforestation?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      26. Deforestation commitment applies to scheme smallholders and independent suppliers?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      27. Criteria for defining deforestation?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      28. Evidence of monitoring deforestation?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      29. Commitment to set aside areas for conservation?

      The company only states that it maintains some areas as conserved forest

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      30. Evidence of habitat management and/or habitat restoration?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      31. A landscape-level approach?

    • Yes
      0.5 / 0.5
      Source

      32. Commitment to biodiversity conservation?

    • No
      0 / 1
      Source

      33. Commitment to not endanger species of conservation concern, referencing international or national system of species classification?

      The company only states it monitors flora and fauna of conserved species in every operational area, and makes reference to the IUCN Red List, but does not have a clear commitment to not endanger species

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      34. Commitment to no hunting or only sustainable hunting of species?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      35. Commitment not to operate within internationally and nationally designated protected areas?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      36. Evidence of species conservation activities?

      The company states it conducts monitoring of flora and fauna in every operational area and has planted endangered plants in cooperation with related institutions in order to preserve the current ecosystems

  • HCV, HCS and impact assessments HCV, HCS and impact assessments 2 / 7 28.6%
    • Companies should commit to the High Conservation Value (HCV) and High Carbon Stock (HCS) approaches, and to conduct social and environmental impact assessments (SEIA). They should develop and publish monitoring and management plans, and provide evidence through SEIA, HCV and HCS assessments, typically published in summary form due to the sensitive nature of certain sites.

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      37. Commitment to High Conservation Value (HCV) approach?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      38. HCV commitment applies to scheme smallholders and independent suppliers?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      39. Commitment to only use licensed High Conservation Value (HCV) assessors accredited by the HCV Resource Network's Assessor Licensing Scheme (ALS)?

      The company does not have an explicit commitment itself, but commits through the RSPO NPP

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      40. High Conservation Value (HCV) assessments for planting undertaken prior to January 2015, and associated management and monitoring plans?

    • n/a
      -
      Source

      41. High Conservation Value (HCV) assessments for all estates planted since January 2015?

      This indicator is disabled as according to 2015 and 2016 RSPO ACOPs no new planting has occurred

    • n/a
      -
      Source

      42. High Conservation Value (HCV) management and monitoring plans for all estates planted since January 2015?

      This indicator is disabled as according to 2015 and 2016 RSPO ACOPs no new planting has occurred

    • n/a
      -
      Source

      43. Satisfactory review of all High Conservation Value (HCV) assessments undertaken since January 2015 by the HCV ALS Quality Panel?

      This indicator is disabled as according to 2015 and 2016 RSPO ACOPs no new planting has occurred

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      44. Commitment to the High Carbon Stock (HCS) approach?

    • n/a
      -
      Source

      45. High Carbon Stock (HCS) assessments?

      This indicator is disabled as according to the 2016 RSPO ACOP no new planting has occurred

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      46. Commitment to conduct social and environmental impact assessments (SEIAs)?

      The company does not have an explicit commitment itself, but commits through the RSPO NPP

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      47. Social and environmental impact assessment (SEIAs) undertaken, and associated management and monitoring plans?

  • Peat, fire and GHG emissions Peat, fire and GHG emissions 5.5 / 17 32.4%
    • Companies should commit to protect peatland and undertake best management practices for soils and peat. They should also have policies on zero burning and to reduce their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Companies should report their GHG emissions, as well as any fires that occurred in or around their estates, along with plans for managing and monitoring fires.

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      48. Commitment to no planting on peat of any depth?

      The company states "there will be no new planting development on > 3 meter peatlands"

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      49. Peat commitment applies to scheme smallholders and independent suppliers?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      50. Commitment to best management practices for soils and peat?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      51. Landbank or planted area on peat (ha)?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      52. Evidence of best management practices for soils and peat?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      53. Commitment to zero burning?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      54. Zero burning commitment applies to scheme smallholders and independent suppliers?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      55. Evidence of management and monitoring fires?

      Evidence of management but no evidence of monitoring fires. The company "performed fire preventive action by providing training on fire treatment to internal human resource, educating communities through social responsibility activities, and communities empowerment"

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      56. Details/number of hotspots/fires in company estates?

      The company states "no Company's operational area suffered from fire" in 2015

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      57. Details/number of hotspots/fires within surrounding landscape/smallholders?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      58. Time-bound commitment to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      59. GHG commitment applies to scheme smallholders and independent suppliers?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      60. GHG emissions?

      The company only reports figures for some of its operations

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      61. GHG emissions from land use change?

      The company only reports figures for some of its operations

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      62. Methodology used to calculate GHG emissions?

      RSPO PalmGHG Calculator

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      63. Progress towards commitment to reduce GHG emissions?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      64. Percentage of mills with methane capture (is above 75%)?

      As of 2014 the company had methane capture facilities at some sites in West Sumatra and Jambi

  • Water, chemical and pest management Water, chemical and pest management 4 / 12 33.3%
    • Companies should commit to managing water use and water quality, providing evidence through time-bound reduction plans, policies on toxic chemical use and treatment of palm oil mill effluent (POME).

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      65. Time-bound commitment to improve water use?

      The company has seeks to reduce water use but it is not time-bound

    • No
      0 / 1
      Source

      66. Time-bound commitment to improve water quality?

      The company only states it strives to minimise to water contamination

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      67. Progress towards commitment on water use?

      The company reports progress on water usage, but no time-bound commitment to report progress towards

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      68. Progress towards commitment on water quality?

      The company reports figures on water quality, but no time-bound commitment to report progress against

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      69. Protection of natural waterways through buffer zones?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      70. Evidence of treating palm oil mill effluent (POME)?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      71. Commitment to minimise the use of chemicals, including pesticides and chemical fertilisers?

      The company states that it uses IPM to reduce the use of pesticides/other chemical substances, but they do not refer to reducing the use of chemical fertiliser

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      72. No use of paraquat?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      73. No use of World Health Organisation (WHO) Class 1A and 1B pesticides?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      74. No use of chemicals listed under the Stockholm Convention and Rotterdam Convention?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      75. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) approach?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      76. Chemical usage per ha or list of chemicals used?

  • Community, land and labour rights Community, land and labour rights 7 / 17 41.2%
    • Companies should commit to respect human rights, including those of indigenous peoples and local communities, consulted with free, prior and informed consent (FPIC). Companies should respect the rights of workers, report relevant workforce data, and comply with health and safety legislation.

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      77. Commitment to human rights, referencing the UN Declaration of Human Rights or UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      78. Commitment to respect legal and customary land tenure rights?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      79. Commitment to respect indigenous and local communities' rights, referencing the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples or ILO 169?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      80. Commitment to free, prior and informed consent (FPIC)?

      The company only states it applies the principle of free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) or gives information to each community group that potentially impacted by the company's policies and activities from the start of operating in an area

    • n/a
      -
      No source

      81. FPIC commitment applies to independent suppliers?

      This indicator is disabled as it is not applicable to this company.

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      82. Free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) process?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      83. Process for addressing land conflicts?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      84. Commitment to ensure food security for local communities?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      85. Commitment to respect all workers' rights?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      86. Reference to Fundamental ILO Conventions or Free and Fair Labour Principles?

      The company refers to no forced labour, no child labour, minimum age, freedom of association and collective bargaining, equal remuneration by gender or no discrimination

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      87. Total number of employees?

      14,471 - Refers to permanent employees

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      88. Percentage or number of temporary employees?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      89. Percentage or number of women employees?

      818 (7.7%)

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      90. Minimum wage that the company pays?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      91. Commitment to address occupational health and safety?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      92. Lost time accident rate?

      The company reports the number of minor and severe accidents, but not a lost time accident rate

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      93. Number of fatalities as a result of work-based accidents?

      2

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      94. Provision of personal protective equipment and pesticide training?

  • Certification standards Certification standards 7 / 12.5 56%
    • Companies should become members of credible certification standards and report in accordance with all appropriate categories of membership. The Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) requires members registered as growers to submit data relating to certification targets for their estates, scheme smallholders and independent fresh fruit bunch (FFB) suppliers, via an annual communications of progress (ACOP) report.

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      95. Member of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO)?

      2007

    • Yes
      0.5 / 0.5
      Source

      96. Submitted most recent RSPO Annual Communication of Progress (ACOP)?

    • No
      0 / 0.5
      Source

      97. Listed all countries and regions in which operates in most recent RSPO Annual Communication of Progress (ACOP)?

      Bakrie Sumatera only states that it operates in North Sumatra, West Sumatra and Jambi in Indonesia in its most recent ACOP. According to the company's website, the company also has oil palm operations in South Sumatra, Riau, and Central Kalimantan in Indonesia. In addition, the company reports it has oil palm operations in South Kalimantan and operations in Bengkulu in its 2015 annual report and 2015 sustainability report, respectively

    • No
      0 / 0.5
      Source

      98. Time-bound plan for achieving 100% RSPO certification of estates within 5 years or achieved 100% RSPO-certification of estates?

      2015 - The company's 2016 ACOP states a target to achieve certification by 2015, however it has not achieved this

    • Yes
      0.5 / 0.5
      Source

      99. Time-bound plan for achieving 100% RSPO certification of scheme/associated smallholders within 5 years or achieved 100% RSPO-certification of scheme/associated smallholders?

      2020

    • n/a
      -
      No source

      100. Time-bound plan for achieving 100% RSPO certification of all supply chains?

      This indicator is disabled as it is not applicable to this company.

    • Yes
      0.5 / 0.5
      Source

      101. RSPO-certified within three years of joining the RSPO or by November 2010, for companies joining prior to finalisation of the RSPO certification systems in November 2007?

      2009

    • Partial
      1 / 2
      Source

      102. Percentage of mills RSPO-certified (is above 75%)?

      2 (40%) - The company states it has a total of 5 mills in its 2016 annual report and 2015 sustainability report. However, only 3 mills are reported in its 2016 ACOP, and 8 mills are reported on the company website

    • Partial
      0.5 / 2
      Source

      103. Percentage of area (ha) RSPO-certified (is above 75%)?

      19,117 (22.7%)

    • Yes
      2 / 2
      Source

      104. Percentage of scheme/associated smallholders (ha) RSPO-certified (is above 75%)?

      14,048 (100%)

    • n/a
      -
      No source

      105. Percentage of FFB supply (tonnes) from independent FFB suppliers that is RSPO-certified (is above 75%)?

      This indicator is disabled as it is not applicable to this company.

    • n/a
      -
      No source

      106. Percentage of all palm oil and oil palm products handled/traded/processed (tonnes) that are RSPO-certified (is above 75%)?

      This indicator is disabled as it is not applicable to this company.

    • No
      0 / 1
      Source

      107. Sells or processes/trades RSPO-certified palm oil through Segregated or Identity Preserved supply chains?

      Mass Balance

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      108. Indonesia Sustainable Palm Oil (ISPO) certified (100%)?

      4 units have been awarded ISPO certification, awaiting 3 more units

    • n/a
      -
      No source

      109. Malaysia Sustainable Palm Oil (MSPO) certified (100%)?

      This indicator is disabled as it is not applicable to this company.

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      110. Certified under voluntary sustainability certification scheme (e.g. ISCC, SAN, RSB, etc.)?

      ISO 14001

  • Smallholders and suppliers Smallholders and suppliers 2 / 6 33.3%
    • Companies should report details of any programmes or schemes to support both schemed and independent smallholders, as well as criteria to assess suppliers on compliance with company policies, and in what cases suppliers should be suspended or excluded due to non-compliance.

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      111. Programme to support scheme smallholders?

      The company states "We train community cooperative union, particularly oil palm farmers through nucleus-plasma partnership scheme"

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      112. Details of support programme for scheme smallholders?

      The company states "The Company through its subsidiary entities train the plasma farmers managing communities plantations through the training on the technique of professional farming and purchase crops according to the market price"

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      113. Number or percentage of scheme smallholders involved in programme?

    • n/a
      -
      No source

      114. Programme to support independent smallholders?

      This indicator is disabled as it is not applicable to this company.

    • n/a
      -
      No source

      115. Details of support programme for independent smallholders?

      This indicator is disabled as it is not applicable to this company.

    • n/a
      -
      No source

      116. Number or percentage of independent smallholders involved in programme?

      This indicator is disabled as it is not applicable to this company.

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      117. Process used to prioritise, assess and/or engage suppliers on compliance with company's policy and/or legal requirements?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      118. Suspension or exclusion criteria for suppliers?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      119. Number or percentage of suppliers assessed and/or engaged?

  • Governance and grievances Governance and grievances 4 / 7 57.1%
    • Companies should operate in an ethical manner at all levels, providing accessible channels and clear procedures for both employees and external stakeholders to raise any grievance or complaint with the company, as well as allowing for whistleblowing.

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      120. Commitment to ethical conduct and prohibition of corruption?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      121. Whistleblowing procedure?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      122. Own grievance or complaints system?

      The company's grievance mechanisms allows reports of issues "on the social and environmental impacts resulted by operational activities in all areas"

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      123. Grievance system accessible to internal stakeholders (i.e. employees)?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      124. Grievance system accessible to external stakeholders?

      The company states it accommodates complaints from communities

    • No
      0 / 2
      No source

      125. Details of grievances disclosed?

Media monitor: Bakrie Sumatera Plantations Tbk PT

SPOTT gathers reports and stories from global media sources, covering specific company activities related to the assessment indicator categories. ZSL does not assess the validity of these reports.

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Research protocols: Bakrie Sumatera Plantations Tbk PT

Research protocols guide how ZSL conducts SPOTT assessments and allocates scores to ensure a fair and consistent approach, setting the expectations for companies on how they should publish ESG data. The full palm oil indicator framework contains 125 indicators across 10 categories, aligned with corporate reporting initiatives.

Map of concessions: Bakrie Sumatera Plantations Tbk PT

Explore our interactive mapping tool for a satellite view of deforestation and fires in and around concession sites of companies featured on the SPOTT scorecard. These data can support SPOTT users in conducting further research to verify whether or not company commitments are being implemented on the ground.

Use the map search bar to find specific company concessions or locations. Click the concession sites marked by pins to zoom in for more information, then go to the company pages of featured concessions to view their assessments.

Concession boundaries have been made available to the RSPO and Bakrie declares these represent 100% of their concession sites, but these may not cover all operations as the 2016 ACOP only mentions operations in North Sumatra, West Sumatra and Jambi. Not all maps may be publicly available due to ongoing legal issues. Some of the concessions are available on the SPOTT map as well as Global Forest Watch. Mill locations have been made available on Global Forest Watch and are also viewable on the SPOTT map. However, ZSL is currently unable to ascertain if the maps disclosed constitute 100% of the company's palm oil mills.

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