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Palm oil assessments

Indonesian palm oil and rubber producer Bakrie Sumatera Plantations is the agricultural subsidiary of Bakrie

  • Parent company:
    PT Bakrie & Brothers Tbk
  • Landbank (oil palm):
    63,399 hectares
  • Palm cultivation revenue:
    67.72%
  • Market cap:
    45,549,200 USD
  • Thomson Reuters ticker:
    UNSP.JK
  • Bloomberg ticker:
    UNSP IJ
  • ISIN:
    ID1000099708
  • RSPO member?
    Yes. Bakrie Sumatera Plantations got suspended from the RSPO and reinstated in September 2015.
  • Website:

Company assessment: Bakrie Sumatera Plantations Tbk PT – November 2018

SPOTT assesses companies against over 100 indicators across ten categories. Click on the icons or bars below to expand each category for further details, scoring and links to reports and sources.

Assessment date:

Total: 44% 53 / 120.5
  • Sustainability policy and leadership Sustainability policy and leadership 3 / 6 50%
    • Companies should publish sustainability policies or similar covering their entire supply chain — including third party suppliers — implemented and enforced through high-level leadership that engages with wider industry schemes.

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      1. Sustainable palm oil policy or commitment for all its operations?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      2. Policy or commitment applies to direct and third-party suppliers?

      The company has a separate sustainable palm oil sourcing policy

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      3. High-level position of responsibility for sustainability?

      The company states: "Environmental management and protection activities in your company are conducted by a special division in charge at the operational level, which is the Division of Environment, Quality, and Occupational Safety and Health which reports directly to the Upstream Directorate" and "The head of this division is directly responsible to the Upstream Department" however, it is not clear who has high level responsibility

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      4. Sustainability report published within last two years?

      The latest Sustainability Report was published in 2015

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      5. Member of multiple industry schemes or other external initiatives to improve sustainability in relation to palm oil?

    • n/a
      -
      No source

      6. Verification report on compliance with POIG Charter, if a POIG member?

      This indicator is disabled as it is not applicable to this company.

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      7. Activities with government, NGOs or academic institutions to improve palm oil sustainability?

  • Landbank, maps and traceability Landbank, maps and traceability 7.5 / 19 39.5%
    • Companies should publicly report figures on their total landbank and details of different areas under their management. They should also disclose maps of their management areas and provide details on traceability of their products, both to mill and plantation level.

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      8. Total land area managed/controlled for oil palm (ha)?

      63,399.4 - The company reports this figure in their 2017 ACOP, however it is unclear if this covers all of the company's operations as it does not list all of its areas of operation in its ACOP

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      9. Total oil palm planted area (ha)?

      45,956 - Figure from 2017 ACOP. The company also reports a figure of 40,036 ha of nucleus plantations in its 2017 Annual Report

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      10. Plasma/scheme smallholders planted area (ha)?

      14,048

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      11. Unplanted (areas designated for future planting) (ha)?

      3,332 - The company reports this figure in its 2017 ACOP, however it is unclear if this covers all of the company's operations as it does not list all of its areas of operation in its ACOP

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      12. Conservation set-aside area, including HCV area (ha)?

      1,157.11 - According to the company's 2017 Annual Report the HCV area totals 1,157.11 ha but this only includes three concessions. The report also states conservation areas cover 63.45 ha which is consistent with the company's 2017 ACOP

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      13. Area for infrastructure (ha)?

      120.4

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      14. Number and names of company owned mills?

      5 - No mill names could be found

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      15. Maps or coordinates of company owned mills?

      Some mill locations have been made available on Global Forest Watch

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      16. Number and names of supplier mills?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      17. Maps of estates/management units?

      Concession boundaries have been made available to the RSPO and the company declares these represent 100% of its concession sites, but these may not cover all operations as the 2016 ACOP only mentions operations in North Sumatra, West Sumatra and Jambi. Not all maps may be publicly available due to ongoing legal issues. The company also has some concessions available on Global Forest Watch

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      18. Maps of scheme/plasma smallholders?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      19. Time-bound commitment to achieve 100% traceability to mill level?

      The company states a commitment to achieve 100% traceability but it is not time-bound

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      20. Time-bound commitment to achieve 100% traceability to plantation level?

      The company states a commitment to achieve 100% traceability but it is not time-bound

    • No
      0 / 2
      No source

      21. Percentage of supply traceable to mill level (above 80%)?

    • No
      0 / 2
      No source

      22. Percentage of fresh fruit bunches (FFB) from own mills traceable to plantation level (above 75%)?

    • No
      0 / 2
      No source

      23. Percentage of fresh fruit bunches (FFB) from supplier mills traceable to plantation level (above 75%)?

  • Deforestation and biodiversity Deforestation and biodiversity 5.5 / 10 55%
    • Companies should commit to address deforestation and to set aside areas for conservation. They should report on any activities to manage or restore habitat in their conservation areas, or monitor deforestation in their supply chains. They should also provide evidence of species conservation and biodiversity protection.

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      24. Commitment to zero deforestation?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      25. Deforestation commitment applies to scheme smallholders and independent suppliers?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      26. Criteria for defining deforestation?

      HCV, HCS

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      27. Evidence of monitoring deforestation?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      28. Examples of habitat management and/or habitat restoration?

      The company states it has "developed the vegetation forests in several estates aimed at preserving the environment, especially as the habitats of animals and plants" but no further details were given

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      29. Implementing a landscape-level approach to biodiversity conservation?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      30. Commitment to biodiversity conservation?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      31. Commitment to not endanger species of conservation concern, referencing international or national system of species classification?

      The company only states it monitors flora and fauna of conserved species in every operational area, and makes reference to the IUCN Red List, but does not have a clear commitment to not endanger species

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      32. Commitment to no hunting or only sustainable hunting of species?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      33. Examples of species conservation activities?

      The company states it conducts monitoring of flora and fauna in every operational area and has planted endangered plants in cooperation with related institutions in order to preserve the current ecosystems

  • HCV, HCS and impact assessments HCV, HCS and impact assessments 4 / 11 36.4%
    • Companies should commit to the High Conservation Value (HCV) and High Carbon Stock (HCS) approaches, and to conduct social and environmental impact assessments (SEIA). They should develop and publish monitoring and management plans, and provide evidence through SEIA, HCV and HCS assessments, typically published in summary form due to the sensitive nature of certain sites.

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      34. Commitment to conduct High Conservation Value (HCV) assessments?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      35. HCV commitment applies to scheme smallholders and independent suppliers?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      36. Commitment to only use licensed High Conservation Value (HCV) assessors accredited by the HCV Resource Network's Assessor Licensing Scheme (ALS)?

      This company does not have an explicit commitment itself, but commits under the RSPO New Planting Procedures (NPP) as an RSPO member

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      37. High Conservation Value (HCV) assessments for planting undertaken prior to January 2015, and associated management and monitoring plans?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      38. High Conservation Value (HCV) assessments for all estates planted since January 2015?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      39. High Conservation Value (HCV) management and monitoring plans for all estates planted since January 2015?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      40. Satisfactory review of all High Conservation Value (HCV) assessments undertaken since January 2015 by the HCV ALS Quality Panel?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      41. Commitment to the High Carbon Stock (HCS) Approach?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      42. High Carbon Stock (HCS) assessments?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      43. Commitment to conduct social and environmental impact assessments (SEIAs)?

      This company does not have an explicit commitment itself, but commits under the RSPO New Planting Procedures (NPP) as an RSPO member

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      44. Social and environmental impact assessments (SEIAs) undertaken, and associated management and monitoring plans?

  • Peat, fire and GHG emissions Peat, fire and GHG emissions 8 / 15 53.3%
    • Companies should commit to protect peatland and undertake best management practices for soils and peat. They should also have policies on zero burning and to reduce their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Companies should report their GHG emissions, as well as any fires that occurred in or around their estates, along with plans for managing and monitoring fires.

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      45. Commitment to no planting on peat of any depth?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      46. Peat commitment applies to scheme smallholders and independent suppliers?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      47. Commitment to best management practices for soils and peat?

      The company commits to best management practices for peat, but no commitment could be found for soils

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      48. Landbank or planted area on peat?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      49. Evidence of best management practices for soils and peat?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      50. Commitment to zero burning?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      51. Zero burning commitment applies to scheme smallholders and independent suppliers?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      52. Evidence of management and monitoring fires?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      53. Details/number of hotspots/fires in company estates?

      The company only states "no Company's operational area suffered from fire" in 2015

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      54. Details/number of hotspots/fires within surrounding landscape/smallholders?

    • No
      0 / 1
      Source

      55. Time-bound commitment to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions intensity?

      The company has a commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in all operational practices but does not have a target nor is it time-bound

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      56. GHG emissions from land use change?

      The company only reports figures for some of its operations

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      57. Methodology used to calculate GHG emissions?

      RSPO PalmGHG Calculator

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      58. Progress towards commitment to reduce GHG emissions intensity?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      59. Percentage of mills with methane capture (100%)?

      As of 2014 the company had methane capture facilities at some sites in West Sumatra and Jambi

  • Water, chemical and pest management Water, chemical and pest management 4.5 / 12 37.5%
    • Companies should commit to managing water use and water quality, providing evidence through time-bound reduction plans, policies on toxic chemical use and treatment of palm oil mill effluent (POME).

    • No
      0 / 1
      Source

      60. Time-bound commitment to improve water use per tonne of FFB Processed?

      The company only has a general commitment to reduce water use

    • No
      0 / 1
      Source

      61. Time-bound commitment to improve water quality (BOD and COD)?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      62. Progress towards commitment on water use?

      The company reports progress on water usage from 2013 to 2015, but has no time-bound commitment to report progress towards and does not report in terms of water intensity

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      63. Progress towards commitment on water quality (BOD and COD)?

      The company reports figures on water quality from 2013 to 2015, but has no time-bound commitment to report progress against

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      64. Protection of natural waterways through buffer zones?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      65. Evidence of treating palm oil mill effluent (POME)?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      66. Commitment to minimise the use of chemicals, including pesticides and chemical fertilisers?

      The company commits to reduce pesticides and other chemical substances, but it does not refer to reducing the use of chemical fertiliser

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      67. No use of paraquat?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      68. No use of World Health Organisation (WHO) Class 1A and 1B pesticides?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      69. No use of chemicals listed under the Stockholm Convention and Rotterdam Convention?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      70. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) approach?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      71. Chemical usage per ha or list of chemicals used?

  • Community, land and labour rights Community, land and labour rights 11 / 19.5 56.4%
    • Companies should commit to respect human rights, including those of indigenous peoples and local communities, consulted with free, prior and informed consent (FPIC). Companies should respect the rights of workers, report relevant workforce data, and comply with health and safety legislation.

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      72. Commitment to human rights, referencing the UN Declaration of Human Rights or UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights?

      The company commits to respect human rights but does not refer to the UN Declaration on Human Rights

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      73. Commitment to human rights applies to scheme smallholders and independent suppliers?

      The company's commitment to respect human rights applies to all of its suppliers, but it does not refer to the UN Declaration on Human Rights

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      74. Commitment to respect legal and customary land tenure rights?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      75. Commitment to respect indigenous and local communities' rights, referencing the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples or ILO 169?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      76. Commitment to free, prior and informed consent (FPIC)?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      77. FPIC commitment applies to independent suppliers?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      78. Details of free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) process available?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      79. Details of process for addressing land conflicts available?

      The company states a commitment to "Resolve all complaints, grievances and conflicts through open, transparent and consultatives processes" but no process could be found

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      80. Commitment to mitigate impacts on food security?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      81. Commitment to provide essential community services and facilities?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      82. Commitment to respect all workers' rights?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      83. Reference to Fundamental ILO Conventions or Free and Fair Labour Principles?

    • Yes
      0.5 / 0.5
      Source

      84. Total number of employees?

      13,680

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      85. Percentage or number of temporary employees?

      4,327

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      86. Percentage or number of women employees?

      7.56%

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      87. Commitment to pay minimum wage?

      The company commits to pay minimum wage but no evidence is provided

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      88. Commitment to address occupational health and safety?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      89. Time lost due to work-based injuries?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      90. Number of fatalities as a result of work-based accidents?

      2 - Data is from 2015

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      91. Provision of personal protective equipment and pesticide training?

  • Certification standards Certification standards 6 / 17 35.3%
    • Companies should become members of credible certification standards and report in accordance with all appropriate categories of membership. The Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) requires members registered as growers to submit data relating to certification targets for their estates, scheme smallholders and independent fresh fruit bunch (FFB) suppliers, via an annual communications of progress (ACOP) report.

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      92. Member of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO)?

      2,007

    • Yes
      0.5 / 0.5
      Source

      93. Submitted most recent RSPO Annual Communication of Progress (ACOP)?

    • No
      0 / 0.5
      Source

      94. Listed all countries and regions in which operates in most recent RSPO Annual Communication of Progress (ACOP)?

      The company only states that it operates in North Sumatra, West Sumatra, Jambi and South Kalimantan in Indonesia in its most recent ACOP. According to the company's website, the company also has oil palm operations in South Sumatra, Riau, and Central Kalimantan in Indonesia. In addition, the company reports it has oil palm operations in South Kalimantan and operations in Bengkulu in its 2017 AR

    • Yes
      0.5 / 0.5
      Source

      95. Time-bound plan for achieving 100% RSPO certification of estates within 5 years or achieved 100% RSPO-certification of estates?

      2,019

    • Yes
      0.5 / 0.5
      Source

      96. Time-bound plan for achieving 100% RSPO certification of scheme/associated smallholders within 5 years or achieved 100% RSPO-certification of scheme/associated smallholders?

      2,020

    • No
      0 / 0.5
      No source

      97. Year expected to achieve 100% RSPO certification of all palm product processing facilities?

    • Yes
      0.5 / 0.5
      Source

      98. RSPO-certified within three years of joining the RSPO or by November 2010, for companies joining prior to finalisation of the RSPO certification systems in November 2007?

      2,009

    • Partial
      1 / 2
      Source

      99. Percentage of mills RSPO-certified (above 75%)?

      2 (40%)

    • Partial
      1 / 2
      Source

      100. Percentage of area (ha) RSPO-certified (above 75%)?

      19,117 (30.1%)

    • No
      0 / 2
      Source

      101. Percentage of scheme/associated smallholders (ha) RSPO-certified (above 75%)?

      0

    • No
      0 / 2
      No source

      102. Percentage of FFB supply (tonnes) from independent FFB suppliers that is RSPO-certified (above 75%)?

    • No
      0 / 2
      No source

      103. Percentage of all palm oil and oil palm products handled/traded/processed (tonnes) that are RSPO-certified (above 75%)?

    • No
      0 / 1
      Source

      104. Sells or processes/trades RSPO-certified palm oil through Segregated or Identity Preserved supply chains?

      Mass Balance

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      105. Indonesia Sustainable Palm Oil (ISPO) certified (100%)?

      4 units have been awarded ISPO certification, awaiting 3 more units

    • n/a
      -
      No source

      106. Malaysia Sustainable Palm Oil (MSPO) certified?

      This indicator is disabled as it is not applicable to this company.

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      107. Certified under voluntary sustainability certification scheme (e.g. ISCC, SAN, RSB, etc.)?

      ISO 14001

  • Smallholders and suppliers Smallholders and suppliers 1 / 5 20%
    • Companies should report details of any programmes or schemes to support both schemed and independent smallholders, as well as criteria to assess suppliers on compliance with company policies, and in what cases suppliers should be suspended or excluded due to non-compliance.

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      108. Programme to support scheme smallholders?

      The company has a Core-Plasma Partnership Program which provides capital loans, training of professional plantation procedures and purchasing of agricultural yields as market price

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      109. Number or percentage of scheme smallholders involved in programme?

    • n/a
      -
      No source

      110. Programme to support independent smallholders?

      This indicator is disabled as it is not applicable to this company.

    • n/a
      -
      No source

      111. Number or percentage of independent smallholders involved in programme?

      This indicator is disabled as it is not applicable to this company.

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      112. Process used to prioritise, assess and/or engage suppliers on compliance with company's policy and/or legal requirements?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      113. Suspension or exclusion criteria for suppliers?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      114. Percentage of suppliers assessed and/or engaged on compliance with company requirements?

  • Governance and grievances Governance and grievances 2.5 / 6 41.7%
    • Companies should operate in an ethical manner at all levels, providing accessible channels and clear procedures for both employees and external stakeholders to raise any grievance or complaint with the company, as well as allowing for whistleblowing.

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      115. Commitment to ethical conduct and prohibition of corruption?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      116. Whistleblowing procedure?

      The company allows for whistleblowing but the process is not detailed

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      117. Own grievance or complaints system?

    • No
      0 / 1
      Source

      118. Grievance or complaints system is accessible to internal and external stakeholders?

      It is unclear who the grievance system is accessible to

    • No
      0 / 2
      No source

      119. Details of grievances disclosed?

Media monitor: Bakrie Sumatera Plantations Tbk PT

SPOTT monitors global media sources for coverage of assessed companies. The media monitor gathers reports about specific activities related to the assessment indicator categories. ZSL does not assess the validity of media coverage, but users can explore the media monitor to provide context on implementation, and infer risks associated with reported operations on the ground.

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Research protocols: Bakrie Sumatera Plantations Tbk PT

Research protocols guide how ZSL conducts SPOTT assessments and allocates scores to ensure a fair and consistent approach, setting the expectations for companies on how they should publish ESG data. The full palm oil indicator framework contains 119 indicators across 10 categories, aligned with corporate reporting initiatives.

SPOTT is a ZSL initiative.
Zoological Society of London (ZSL)