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Palm oil assessments

Indonesian producer Asian Agri was established in 1979. The Company focuses on palm oil production

  • Parent company:
    RGE Group
  • Landbank (oil palm):
    161,890 hectares
  • Thomson Reuters ticker:
    Private company
  • Bloomberg ticker:
    Private company
  • RSPO member?
    Yes
  • Website:

Company assessment: Asian Agri Group – November 2018

SPOTT assesses companies against over 100 indicators across ten categories. Click on the icons or bars below to expand each category for further details, scoring and links to reports and sources.

Assessment date:

Total: 72.3% 79.5 / 110
  • Sustainability policy and leadership Sustainability policy and leadership 5.5 / 6 91.7%
    • Companies should publish sustainability policies or similar covering their entire supply chain — including third party suppliers — implemented and enforced through high-level leadership that engages with wider industry schemes.

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      1. Sustainable palm oil policy or commitment for all its operations?

      The company has a Sustainability Policy, dated 2014

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      2. Policy or commitment applies to direct and third-party suppliers?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      3. High-level position of responsibility for sustainability?

      Head of Sustainability and Head of Operational Sustainability, who both report to the Managing Director

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      4. Sustainability report published within last two years?

      The company's most recent sustainability report is for the year 2016

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      5. Member of multiple industry schemes or other external initiatives to improve sustainability in relation to palm oil?

      The company is a member of the Fire Free Alliance (FFA), TFT, HCS Approach Steering Group, and TFA 2020

    • n/a
      -
      No source

      6. Verification report on compliance with POIG Charter, if a POIG member?

      This indicator is disabled as it is not applicable to this company.

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      7. Activities with government, NGOs or academic institutions to improve palm oil sustainability?

      The company has worked with NGOs, including WWF and Solidaridad, on supporting smallholders and their certification. It also reports working with the government to launch the Fire Free Villages Programme

  • Landbank, maps and traceability Landbank, maps and traceability 9.5 / 13 73.1%
    • Companies should publicly report figures on their total landbank and details of different areas under their management. They should also disclose maps of their management areas and provide details on traceability of their products, both to mill and plantation level.

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      8. Total land area managed/controlled for oil palm (ha)?

      161,890 - ACOP is for operating holding company PT Inti Indosawit Subur, but all palm oil operations appear to be managed through this company. Data as of 2017

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      9. Total oil palm planted area (ha)?

      104,540 - ACOP is for operating holding company PT Inti Indosawit Subur, but all palm oil operations appear to be managed through this company. It is unclear whether this area includes smallholders. Data as of 2017

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      10. Plasma/scheme smallholders planted area (ha)?

      57,350 - ACOP is for operating holding company PT Inti Indosawit Subur, but all palm oil operations appear to be managed through this company. Sum of certified and uncertified areas which are reported in 2017 ACOP

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      11. Unplanted (areas designated for future planting) (ha)?

      0 - ACOP is for operating holding company PT Inti Indosawit Subur, but all palm oil operations appear to be managed through this company. Data as of 2017

    • No
      0 / 1
      Source

      12. Conservation set-aside area, including HCV area (ha)?

      The company reports 0 ha of conservation set-aside area in PT Inti Indosawit Subur's 2017 ACOP, but in its 2016 Sustainability Report it states it does set aside areas of HCV, riparian areas and areas of high cultural value

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      13. Area for infrastructure (ha)?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      14. Number and names of company owned mills?

      20 - The company reports on its website and in its 2016 Sustainability Report that it has 20 mills. Only 19 mills are reported in PT Inti Indosawit Subur's 2017 RSPO ACOP. Names for all 20 mills are available on the company website

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      15. Maps or coordinates of company owned mills?

    • n/a
      -
      No source

      16. Number and names of supplier mills?

      This indicator is disabled as it is not applicable to this company.

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      17. Maps of estates/management units?

      The company states it has 28 plantations, and provides names of 36 estates in its 2016 Annual Report. Some concession boundaries are available on Global Forest Watch, but not all. Some maps are available on GeoRSPO, but it is not clear if these cover all estates

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      18. Maps of scheme/plasma smallholders?

    • n/a
      -
      No source

      19. Time-bound commitment to achieve 100% traceability to mill level?

      This indicator is disabled as it is not applicable to this company.

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      20. Time-bound commitment to achieve 100% traceability to plantation level?

      2,017 - The company stated a goal of 100% FFB traceability by 2017 in its 2016 Sustainability Report. It now reports on its website it achieved 100% traceability of FFB by 2017

    • n/a
      -
      No source

      21. Percentage of supply traceable to mill level (above 80%)?

      This indicator is disabled as it is not applicable to this company.

    • Yes
      2 / 2
      Source

      22. Percentage of fresh fruit bunches (FFB) from own mills traceable to plantation level (above 75%)?

      100%

    • n/a
      -
      No source

      23. Percentage of fresh fruit bunches (FFB) from supplier mills traceable to plantation level (above 75%)?

      This indicator is disabled as it is not applicable to this company.

  • Deforestation and biodiversity Deforestation and biodiversity 7.5 / 10 75%
    • Companies should commit to address deforestation and to set aside areas for conservation. They should report on any activities to manage or restore habitat in their conservation areas, or monitor deforestation in their supply chains. They should also provide evidence of species conservation and biodiversity protection.

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      24. Commitment to zero deforestation?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      25. Deforestation commitment applies to scheme smallholders and independent suppliers?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      26. Criteria for defining deforestation?

      HCV, HCS, peat

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      27. Evidence of monitoring deforestation?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      28. Examples of habitat management and/or habitat restoration?

      The company refers to monitoring peat subsidence and marking HCV areas with signs

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      29. Implementing a landscape-level approach to biodiversity conservation?

      The company committed in its 2014 Sustainability Policy to adopt a landscape planning approach to conservation, but it is not clear if this is yet being implemented

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      30. Commitment to biodiversity conservation?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      31. Commitment to not endanger species of conservation concern, referencing international or national system of species classification?

      The company states that areas are set-aside for endangered species identified in the estates, and makes reference to the IUCN Red List

    • No
      0 / 1
      Source

      32. Commitment to no hunting or only sustainable hunting of species?

      The company states that "socially valuable HCV areas are marked with signboards to create awareness for the surrounding community such as prohibitions on trapping, hunting and fishing" but does not make a clear commitment to no hunting or sustainable hunting

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      33. Examples of species conservation activities?

      Signs for no hunting, poaching or fishing, HCV training for smallholders, species monitoring

  • HCV, HCS and impact assessments HCV, HCS and impact assessments 6.5 / 7 92.9%
    • Companies should commit to the High Conservation Value (HCV) and High Carbon Stock (HCS) approaches, and to conduct social and environmental impact assessments (SEIA). They should develop and publish monitoring and management plans, and provide evidence through SEIA, HCV and HCS assessments, typically published in summary form due to the sensitive nature of certain sites.

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      34. Commitment to conduct High Conservation Value (HCV) assessments?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      35. HCV commitment applies to scheme smallholders and independent suppliers?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      36. Commitment to only use licensed High Conservation Value (HCV) assessors accredited by the HCV Resource Network's Assessor Licensing Scheme (ALS)?

      The company does not have an explicit commitment itself, but commits through the RSPO NPP as its operating holding company PT IIS is an RSPO member and seems to encompass all its palm oil operations

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      37. High Conservation Value (HCV) assessments for planting undertaken prior to January 2015, and associated management and monitoring plans?

      The following HCV assessment is publicly available:
      Sumatra: PT Usaha Sawit Unggul

    • n/a
      -
      Source

      38. High Conservation Value (HCV) assessments for all estates planted since January 2015?

      This indicator is disabled as according to PT IIS's 2015, 2016 and 2017 RSPO ACOPs no new planting has occurred

    • n/a
      -
      Source

      39. High Conservation Value (HCV) management and monitoring plans for all estates planted since January 2015?

      This indicator is disabled as according to PT IIS's 2015, 2016 and 2017 RSPO ACOPs no new planting has occurred

    • n/a
      -
      Source

      40. Satisfactory review of all High Conservation Value (HCV) assessments undertaken since January 2015 by the HCV ALS Quality Panel?

      This indicator is disabled as according to PT IIS's 2015, 2016 and 2017 RSPO ACOPs no new planting has occurred

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      41. Commitment to the High Carbon Stock (HCS) Approach?

    • n/a
      -
      Source

      42. High Carbon Stock (HCS) assessments?

      This indicator is disabled as according to the 2016 and 2017 RSPO ACOPs no new planting has occurred

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      43. Commitment to conduct social and environmental impact assessments (SEIAs)?

      The company commits in its 2014 Sustainability Policy to not undertake forest clearance or peatland development until an SEIA is conducted

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      44. Social and environmental impact assessments (SEIAs) undertaken, and associated management and monitoring plans?

      The following SEIA assessment is publicly available:
      Sumatra: PT Usaha Sawit Unggul

  • Peat, fire and GHG emissions Peat, fire and GHG emissions 10.5 / 15 70%
    • Companies should commit to protect peatland and undertake best management practices for soils and peat. They should also have policies on zero burning and to reduce their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Companies should report their GHG emissions, as well as any fires that occurred in or around their estates, along with plans for managing and monitoring fires.

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      45. Commitment to no planting on peat of any depth?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      46. Peat commitment applies to scheme smallholders and independent suppliers?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      47. Commitment to best management practices for soils and peat?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      48. Landbank or planted area on peat?

      27,409 - Data as of 2016

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      49. Evidence of best management practices for soils and peat?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      50. Commitment to zero burning?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      51. Zero burning commitment applies to scheme smallholders and independent suppliers?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      52. Evidence of management and monitoring fires?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      53. Details/number of hotspots/fires in company estates?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      54. Details/number of hotspots/fires within surrounding landscape/smallholders?

      The company states the total number of hectare burned in areas under its Fire Free Village Programme (FFVP) was 7.98 ha in 2016 and 82 ha in 2017, and that 12 of the 16 villages involved were fire-free in 2017. Information on fires outside of the FFVP is not given

    • No
      0 / 1
      Source

      55. Time-bound commitment to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions intensity?

      The company states it will strive to progressively reduce GHG emissions, but does not have a time-bound commitment or a specific target, and does not frame its commitment around GHG intensity

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      56. GHG emissions from land use change?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      57. Methodology used to calculate GHG emissions?

      ISCC guidelines and RSPO GHG Palm Tool

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      58. Progress towards commitment to reduce GHG emissions intensity?

      The company reports some reductions in emission intensity, but does not have a time-bound commitment in place

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      59. Percentage of mills with methane capture (100%)?

      5 (25%) - Five mills have biogas plants already, but not all. The company states plans to have biogas capture at all mills by 2020

  • Water, chemical and pest management Water, chemical and pest management 5.5 / 12 45.8%
    • Companies should commit to managing water use and water quality, providing evidence through time-bound reduction plans, policies on toxic chemical use and treatment of palm oil mill effluent (POME).

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      60. Time-bound commitment to improve water use per tonne of FFB Processed?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      61. Time-bound commitment to improve water quality (BOD and COD)?

    • No
      0 / 1
      Source

      62. Progress towards commitment on water use?

      The company reports annual river water and ground water usage in cubic metres, but does not report any figures per tonne of FFB processed and it is not clear whether the company is improving its water use

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      63. Progress towards commitment on water quality (BOD and COD)?

      The company reports figures for BOD, but not for COD. These figures have improved slightly for its Jambi operations, but generally not for its operations in North Sumatra or Riau. It is therefore not clear if overall water quality is improving

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      64. Protection of natural waterways through buffer zones?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      65. Evidence of treating palm oil mill effluent (POME)?

      The company states that its POME is either applied on the land as fertiliser, or released into rivers "after anaerobic and aerobic treatment in order to render the chemical and physical characteristics compliant with national regulations"

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      66. Commitment to minimise the use of chemicals, including pesticides and chemical fertilisers?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      67. No use of paraquat?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      68. No use of World Health Organisation (WHO) Class 1A and 1B pesticides?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      69. No use of chemicals listed under the Stockholm Convention and Rotterdam Convention?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      70. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) approach?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      71. Chemical usage per ha or list of chemicals used?

      The company states fertiliser usage per hectare, for both mature and immature oil palm plantations. Similar figures could not be found for pesticides or herbicides

  • Community, land and labour rights Community, land and labour rights 15 / 19.5 76.9%
    • Companies should commit to respect human rights, including those of indigenous peoples and local communities, consulted with free, prior and informed consent (FPIC). Companies should respect the rights of workers, report relevant workforce data, and comply with health and safety legislation.

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      72. Commitment to human rights, referencing the UN Declaration of Human Rights or UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      73. Commitment to human rights applies to scheme smallholders and independent suppliers?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      74. Commitment to respect legal and customary land tenure rights?

      The company only refers to respecting the rights of indigenous and local communities in relation to FPIC

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      75. Commitment to respect indigenous and local communities' rights, referencing the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples or ILO 169?

      The company refers to respecting the rights of indigenous and local communities in relation to FPIC, and to respecting the rights of communities it partners with. However, it does not refer to the UN Declaration on Indigenous Rights, or to relevant ILO conventions

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      76. Commitment to free, prior and informed consent (FPIC)?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      77. FPIC commitment applies to independent suppliers?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      78. Details of free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) process available?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      79. Details of process for addressing land conflicts available?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      80. Commitment to mitigate impacts on food security?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      81. Commitment to provide essential community services and facilities?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      82. Commitment to respect all workers' rights?

      The company states it respects fair rights for all its employees and commits to a "fair treatment policy" which respects the rights of employees including contract, temporary and migrant workers

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      83. Reference to Fundamental ILO Conventions or Free and Fair Labour Principles?

      The company does not refer to all of the fundamental ILO conventions - it does not refer to equal remuneration or no forced labour

    • Yes
      0.5 / 0.5
      Source

      84. Total number of employees?

      22,084 - Figure from 2016

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      85. Percentage or number of temporary employees?

      60% - Figure from 2016

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      86. Percentage or number of women employees?

      26% - Figure from 2016

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      87. Commitment to pay minimum wage?

      The company stated in its 2014 Sustainability Report that it "follows minimum wage agreements" but does not provide further detail

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      88. Commitment to address occupational health and safety?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      89. Time lost due to work-based injuries?

      For the year 2016, the company provides lost day rates for North Sumatra, Riau and Jambi as 1.07, 1.72 and 0.68, respectively

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      90. Number of fatalities as a result of work-based accidents?

      0 - For the year 2016, the company states there were zero fatal work incidents for North Sumatra, Riau and Jambi

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      91. Provision of personal protective equipment and pesticide training?

      The company states that relevant workers are provided with PPE, but does not explicitly state it provides related training

  • Certification standards Certification standards 11.5 / 14.5 79.3%
    • Companies should become members of credible certification standards and report in accordance with all appropriate categories of membership. The Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) requires members registered as growers to submit data relating to certification targets for their estates, scheme smallholders and independent fresh fruit bunch (FFB) suppliers, via an annual communications of progress (ACOP) report.

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      92. Member of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO)?

      2,006 - Through holding company PT Inti Indosawit Subur

    • Yes
      0.5 / 0.5
      Source

      93. Submitted most recent RSPO Annual Communication of Progress (ACOP)?

    • Yes
      0.5 / 0.5
      Source

      94. Listed all countries and regions in which operates in most recent RSPO Annual Communication of Progress (ACOP)?

      PT Inti Indosawit Subur, the holding company for the company, states all the countries and regions in which it operates: Indonesia (Jambi, Riau and North Sumatra)

    • Yes
      0.5 / 0.5
      Source

      95. Time-bound plan for achieving 100% RSPO certification of estates within 5 years or achieved 100% RSPO-certification of estates?

      2,018

    • Yes
      0.5 / 0.5
      Source

      96. Time-bound plan for achieving 100% RSPO certification of scheme/associated smallholders within 5 years or achieved 100% RSPO-certification of scheme/associated smallholders?

      2,018

    • n/a
      -
      No source

      97. Year expected to achieve 100% RSPO certification of all palm product processing facilities?

      This indicator is disabled as it is not applicable to this company.

    • Yes
      0.5 / 0.5
      Source

      98. RSPO-certified within three years of joining the RSPO or by November 2010, for companies joining prior to finalisation of the RSPO certification systems in November 2007?

      2,010

    • Yes
      2 / 2
      Source

      99. Percentage of mills RSPO-certified (above 75%)?

      18 (90%)

    • Partial
      1.5 / 2
      Source

      100. Percentage of area (ha) RSPO-certified (above 75%)?

      90,564 (55.9%)

    • Yes
      2 / 2
      Source

      101. Percentage of scheme/associated smallholders (ha) RSPO-certified (above 75%)?

      53,132 (92.6%)

    • No
      0 / 2
      No source

      102. Percentage of FFB supply (tonnes) from independent FFB suppliers that is RSPO-certified (above 75%)?

    • n/a
      -
      No source

      103. Percentage of all palm oil and oil palm products handled/traded/processed (tonnes) that are RSPO-certified (above 75%)?

      This indicator is disabled as it is not applicable to this company.

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      104. Sells or processes/trades RSPO-certified palm oil through Segregated or Identity Preserved supply chains?

      Mass Balance and Identity Preserved

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      105. Indonesia Sustainable Palm Oil (ISPO) certified (100%)?

      The company stated in its 2016 Sustainability Report it was 91% ISPO-certified. It also has a target of achieving 100% ISPO certification by 2018 on an undated webpage

    • n/a
      -
      No source

      106. Malaysia Sustainable Palm Oil (MSPO) certified?

      This indicator is disabled as it is not applicable to this company.

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      107. Certified under voluntary sustainability certification scheme (e.g. ISCC, SAN, RSB, etc.)?

      The company is 100% ISCC- and ISO 14001-certified

  • Smallholders and suppliers Smallholders and suppliers 4.5 / 7 64.3%
    • Companies should report details of any programmes or schemes to support both schemed and independent smallholders, as well as criteria to assess suppliers on compliance with company policies, and in what cases suppliers should be suspended or excluded due to non-compliance.

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      108. Programme to support scheme smallholders?

      The company describes support provided to plasma smallholders

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      109. Number or percentage of scheme smallholders involved in programme?

      19,000 - The company has around 30,000 scheme smallholders. In its 2014 Sustainability Report it stated 19,000 had been supported in achieving RSPO certification. No exact figures were available

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      110. Programme to support independent smallholders?

      The company has a programme supporting independent smallholders to improve yields and market access, which involves a "multipronged approach that involves training, knowledge transfer of best management practices, and establishment of cooperatives". It also states plans to support independent smallholders with RSPO certification

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      111. Number or percentage of independent smallholders involved in programme?

      The company reports a goal to engage with "60,000 ha of independent smallholders" and reports having partnerships linked to 10,000 independent smallholders. It also reports engaging with 152 groups of independent smallholders. A 2017 company news article reports 501 smallholders signed up in 2016 to a support programme with the company and WWF. The total number of independent smallholders directly engaged with is not clear

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      112. Process used to prioritise, assess and/or engage suppliers on compliance with company's policy and/or legal requirements?

      The company states that its requires "all direct independent smallholder suppliers to provide a declaration letter that their fruit supplies to Asian Agri are only from legal sources. The letter is validated by regional government offices following the sighting of legal documents, such as land ownership title deeds or relevant licenses." The company also engages in regular dialogue with stakeholders to communicate its policy

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      113. Suspension or exclusion criteria for suppliers?

      The company states "We will cease to do business with any suppliers who breach this policy and do not take immediate action to correct their violation. However, regardless of remedial action, we will not do business with serious repeat violators of this policy." It does not give detail of steps taken or specific timeframes for action

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      114. Percentage of suppliers assessed and/or engaged on compliance with company requirements?

  • Governance and grievances Governance and grievances 3.5 / 6 58.3%
    • Companies should operate in an ethical manner at all levels, providing accessible channels and clear procedures for both employees and external stakeholders to raise any grievance or complaint with the company, as well as allowing for whistleblowing.

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1
      Source

      115. Commitment to ethical conduct and prohibition of corruption?

      The company makes a reference to anti-corruption, but not to fair/ethical conduct

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      116. Whistleblowing procedure?

    • Yes
      1 / 1
      Source

      117. Own grievance or complaints system?

    • No
      0 / 1
      Source

      118. Grievance or complaints system is accessible to internal and external stakeholders?

      The company states its grievance procedure has been "developed to resolve all verifiable complaints and conflicts with all parties in our supply chain" and reports it is for "stakeholders" but it is not clear if it applies to both internal and external stakeholders

    • Yes
      2 / 2
      Source

      119. Details of grievances disclosed?

      The company provides details of one grievance, received in May 2018

Media monitor: Asian Agri Group

SPOTT monitors global media sources for coverage of assessed companies. The media monitor gathers reports about specific activities related to the assessment indicator categories. ZSL does not assess the validity of media coverage, but users can explore the media monitor to provide context on implementation, and infer risks associated with reported operations on the ground.

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Research protocols: Asian Agri Group

Research protocols guide how ZSL conducts SPOTT assessments and allocates scores to ensure a fair and consistent approach, setting the expectations for companies on how they should publish ESG data. The full palm oil indicator framework contains 119 indicators across 10 categories, aligned with corporate reporting initiatives.

SPOTT is a ZSL initiative.
Zoological Society of London (ZSL)