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  • Latest update: July 2019
  • Next scheduled: July 2020

  • About this company:

    Headquartered in Brazil and founded in 1951, Duratex

  • Parent company:
    Itausa (40%), Ligna (20%)
  • Landbank
    154,131 hectares
  • Market cap:
    2,338,645,040 USD
  • Thomson Reuters ticker:
    DTEX3.SA
  • Bloomberg ticker:
    DTEX3:BZ
  • ISIN:
    BRDTEXACNOR3
  • Website:

Company assessment: Duratex SA – July 2019

Assessment date:

Total: 65.6% 73.5 / 112
  • Sustainability policy and leadership Sustainability policy and leadership
    7 / 11 63.6%
    • Yes
      1 / 1

      1. Sustainable forestry policy or commitment for all its operations?

    • No
      0 / 1

      2. Sustainability policy or commitment applies to all sourcing?

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      3. High-level position of responsibility for sustainability?

      Tarcila Reis Ursini – President of sustainability committee

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      4. One or more board members have responsibility for sustainability?

      Members of sustainability committee from Board of Directors

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      5. Percentage or number of women board members?

      18.8% - The company reports one figure for both the board of directors and executive directors. Half a point has been awarded

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      6. Percentage or number of women in senior management team?

      18.8% - The company reports one figure for both the board of directors and executive directors. Half a point has been awarded

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      7. Sustainability report published within last two years?

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      8. Member of multiple industry schemes or other external initiatives to improve forest management or transparency?

      GRI, CDP, UNGC, FSC

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      9. Activities with government, NGOs or academic institutions to improve the sustainability of forest products?

      Brazilian Coalition on Climate, Flow Tower project to optimize production and guarantee sustainability of crops

    • No
      0 / 1

      10. Climate risks assessment available?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      11. Natural capital assessment available?

  • Landbank, mills and traceability Landbank, mills and traceability
    16 / 19 84.2%
    • Yes
      1 / 1

      12. Lists countries and operations?

      Brazil (forestry, manufacture), Colombia (forestry, manufacture)

    • 13. Total area of natural forest designated for wood/wood fibre production (ha)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company has informed ZSL that it only produces wood/wood fibre from plantation forests

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      14. Total area of forest plantation (ha)?

      154,131 - Figure represents planted areas in Brazil (149,661.48 ha) and Colombia (4,470 ha)

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      15. Area of plantation/natural forest within outgrower schemes (ha)?

      25,000

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      16. Unplanted (areas designated for future development as plantation forest) (ha)?

      135 - Figure represents area for plantation for Colombian forestry operations

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      17. Conservation set-aside and/or HCV area (ha)?

      61,770.7 - Figure represents conservation areas in Brazil (58,823.66 ha) and Colombia (2,947 ha)

    • 18. Area of Intact Forest Landscape (ha)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company has informed ZSL that it doesn't have any intact forest landscapes within its landbank

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      19. Number of Forest Management Units (FMUs)?

      11 - Figure represents number of FMUs in Brazil (seven) and Colombia (four)

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      20. Maps of forest management units (FMUs)?

      Some geo-referenced locations are available in the company's FSC audit reports, however these do not cover all of the company's operations

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      21. Forest management plans available for all FMUs?

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      22. Monitoring of forest management plan implementation?

    • 23. Company has provided valid legal documents to Open Timber Portal on use rights (at the time of SPOTT assessments)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company's reporting broadly suggests that it doesn't operate in a geography currently covered by Open Timber Portal. Please note that ZSL has been unable to confirm this

    • 24. Company has provided valid legal documents to Open Timber Portal on forest management (at the time of SPOTT assessments)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company's reporting broadly suggests that it doesn't operate in a geography currently covered by Open Timber Portal. Please note that ZSL has been unable to confirm this

    • 25. Company has provided valid legal documents to Open Timber Portal on timber harvesting (at the time of SPOTT assessments)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company's reporting broadly suggests that it doesn't operate in a geography currently covered by Open Timber Portal. Please note that ZSL has been unable to confirm this

    • 26. Number of company owned pulp and paper mills?

      This indicator is disabled as the company has informed ZSL that it doesn't own pulp or paper mills

    • 27. Maps or addresses of company owned pulp and paper mills?

      This indicator is disabled as the company has informed ZSL that it doesn't own pulp or paper mills

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      28. Number of company owned sawmills?

      7 - Duratex currently owns four fibreboard plants in Brazil and three in Colombia

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      29. Maps or addresses of company owned sawmills?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      30. Number of supplier mills?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      31. Maps or addresses of supplier mills?

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      32. Procedures to trace raw materials to country of harvest?

      The company has FSC CoC certification and states it uses the FSC due diligence system and controlled wood criteria for non-certified supply to trace all raw materials to origin

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      33. Procedures to trace raw materials to FMU level?

      The company has FSC CoC certification and states it uses the FSC due diligence system and controlled wood criteria for non-certified supply to trace all raw materials to origin

    • Yes
      2 / 2

      34. Percentage of supply traceable to country level (above 80%)?

      100% - The company has FSC CoC certification and states it uses the FSC due diligence system and controlled wood criteria for non-certified supply to trace all raw materials to origin

    • Yes
      2 / 2

      35. Percentage of supply traceable to FMU level (above 75%)?

      100% - The company has FSC CoC certification and states it uses the FSC due diligence system and controlled wood criteria for non-certified supply to trace all raw materials to origin

  • Deforestation and biodiversity Deforestation and biodiversity
    7 / 10 70%
    • Yes
      1 / 1

      36. Commitment to zero conversion of natural forest?

      The company states that it does not engage deforestation to clear land for its plantations, which are only established in areas already used previously for activities such as agriculture or cattle ranching

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      37. Zero conversion commitment applies to all sourcing?

    • 38. Commitment to minimise the impact of logging roads?

      This indicator is disabled as the company has informed ZSL that it only produces wood/wood fibre from plantation forests

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      39. Commitment to protect forest areas from illegal activities?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      40. Evidence of monitoring deforestation?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      41. Amount of deforestation recorded?

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      42. Commitment to biodiversity conservation?

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      43. Examples of species and/or habitat conservation management?

      Company has provided many examples of species and habitat conservation in its areas in the FMPs

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      44. Implementing a landscape-level approach to biodiversity conservation?

      The company has a target to "influence 100% of neighboring landowners of conservation areas larger than 500 hectares and in a radius of 2 km to use regional connectivity" by 2025 and it has started implementing the project

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      45. Identified species of conservation concern referencing international or national system of species classification?

    • 46. Commitment to sustainably manage the use of non-timber forest products (NTFPs)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company has informed ZSL that it only produces wood/wood fibre from plantation forests

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      47. Commitment not to use genetically modified organisms?

      The company has committed to not be directly or indirectly involved in the introduction of genetically modified organisms in forestry operations. This commitment is made through the FSC Policy for Association (FSC-POL-01-004)

  • HCV, HCS and impact assessments HCV, HCS and impact assessments
    3.5 / 8 43.8%
    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      48. Commitment to conduct High Conservation Value (HCV) assessments?

      The company states that it identifies HCV areas, but it is unclear if this covers company's all operations

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      49. HCV commitment applies to all sourcing?

      The company has a commitment to only source wood/wood fibre that meets FSC Controlled Wood requirements which includes not sourcing wood from forests with a high conservation value

    • 50. Commitment to only use licensed High Conservation Value (HCV) assessors accredited by the HCV Resource Network's Assessor Licensing Scheme (ALS)?

      This indicator is disabled until sufficient number of HCV ALS licensed assessors are available for the location where the company operates

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      51. High Conservation Value (HCV) assessments available?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      52. High Conservation Value (HCV) management and monitoring plans available?

      Some HCV summaries are available, but it is unclear if these cover all of the company's operations

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      53. Commitment to the High Carbon Stock (HCS) Approach?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      54. High Carbon Stock (HCS) assessments available?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      55. Commitment to conduct social and environmental impact assessments (SEIAs)?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      56. Social and environmental impact assessments (SEIAs) available?

      The company provides information on social impacts in the Forest Management Plans for some FMUs. Only environmental impacts are detailed in the FMP for the company's Colombian operation

    • 57. Company has provided valid legal documents to Open Timber Portal on impact assessments (at the time of SPOTT assessments)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company's reporting broadly suggests that it doesn't operate in a geography currently covered by Open Timber Portal. Please note that ZSL ahs been unable to confirm this

  • Soils, fire and GHGs Soils, fire and GHGs
    6 / 10 60%
    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      58. Commitment to best management practices for soils and/or peat?

      The company has informed ZSL that it does not have plantation operations on peatland. Commitment and examples could only be found for the company's Brazilian operations

    • 59. Commitment to reduced impact logging?

      This indicator is disabled as the company has informed ZSL that it only produces wood/wood fibre from plantation forests

    • 60. Commitment to no planting on peat of any depth?

      This indicator is disabled as the company has informed ZSL that it doesn't have landbank on peat

    • 61. Commitment on peatland planting applies to all sourcing?

      This indicator is disabled as the company has informed ZSL that it doesn't have suppliers with landbank on peat

    • 62. Landbank or planted area on peat (ha)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company has informed ZSL that it doesn't have landbank on peat

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      63. Evidence of best management practices for soils and/or peat?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      64. Commitment to zero burning?

      The company has a statement for its Brazilian operations to not use fire for soil conservation purposes however a similar statement could not be found for the company's Colombian operations

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      65. Commitment to zero burning applies to all sourcing?

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      66. Evidence of management and monitoring fires?

      Evidence provided for four FMPs for brazil operations

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      67. Details/number of hotspots/fires in FMUs controlled by the company?

      3,465.91 - Figure available only for Brazilian operations

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      68. Time-bound commitment to reduce GHG emissions intensity?

      2,025 - The company has commitments to reduce absolute GHG emissions by 25% and to lower GHG intensity for its Panels division by 50% by the year 2025. However as the GHG intensity reduction target only covers parts of the company's operations only partial points could be awarded

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      69. Progress towards reducing GHG emission intensity?

      The company states it has not met the absolute target set for 2018 for reducing GHG emissions due to new business entering group. GHG intensity reduction target is met for parts of the company’s operations (i.e. Panel's division)

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      70. Report GHG emissions from land use change?

      0 - It is unclear if the figure provided covers the company's operations in Colombia

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      71. Methodology used to calculate GHG emissions?

      Brazilian GHG Protocol Program, IPCC, GHG Protocol

  • Water, chemical and waste management Water, chemical and waste management
    5 / 9 55.6%
    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      72. Time-bound commitment to improve water quality (BOD and COD)?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      73. Progress towards commitment on water quality (BOD and COD)?

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      74. Commitment to protection of natural waterways through buffer zones?

    • 75. Evidence of treatment of pulp and paper mill effluent?

      This indicator is disabled as the company has informed ZSL that it doesn't own pulp or paper mills

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      76. Evidence of sawmill run-off containment and wastewater treatment?

    • 77. Time-bound commitment to improve water use intensity?

      This indicator is disabled as the company has informed ZSL that it doesn't own pulp or paper mills

    • 78. Progress towards commitment on water use intensity?

      This indicator is disabled as the company has informed ZSL that it doesn't own pulp or paper mills

    • 79. Commitment to eliminate chlorine and chlorine compounds for bleaching?

      This indicator is disabled as the company has informed ZSL that it doesn't own pulp or paper mills

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      80. Commitment to minimise the use of chemicals, including pesticides and chemical fertilisers?

      The company commits to reduce the use of pesticides. No equivalent commitment could be identified for chemical fertilisers

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      81. No use of World Health Organisation (WHO) Class 1A and 1B pesticides?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      82. No use of chemicals listed under the Stockholm Convention and Rotterdam Convention?

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      83. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) approach?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      84. Chemical usage per ha or list of chemicals used?

      The company reports figures for some chemicals used for its Brazilian operations. No information on Colombian operations found

  • Community, land and labour rights Community, land and labour rights
    16.5 / 22 75%
    • Yes
      1 / 1

      85. Commitment to human rights, referencing the UN Declaration on Human Rights or UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights?

      The company has committed to not be directly or indirectly involved in the violation of human rights in forestry operations. This commitment is made through the FSC Policy for Association (FSC-POL-01-004), which defines human rights as those established through the UN Declaration of Human Rights

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      86. Commitment to human rights applies to all sourcing?

      The company has committed to not be directly or indirectly involved in the violation of human rights in forestry operations. This commitment is made through the FSC Policy for Association (FSC-POL-01-004), which defines human rights as those established through the UN Declaration of Human Rights

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      87. Commitment to respect indigenous and local communities' rights?

      The company has committed to not be directly or indirectly involved in the violation of human rights in forestry operations. This commitment is made through the FSC Policy for Association (FSC-POL-01-004), which encompasses the rights of Indigenous and Tribal Peoples as established by the ILO Convention 169

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      88. Commitment to respect legal and customary property rights?

      The company has committed to not be directly or indirectly involved in the violation of traditional rights in forestry operations. This commitment is made through the FSC Policy for Association (FSC-POL-01-004), which encompasses customary rights. This policy does not reference legal rights and no reference to legal rights could be found in company sources

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      89. Commitment to free, prior and informed consent (FPIC)?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      90. FPIC commitment applies to independent suppliers?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      91. Details of free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) process available?

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      92. Examples of local stakeholder engagement to prevent conflicts?

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      93. Details of process for addressing land conflicts available?

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      94. Commitment to support the inclusion of women across forestry operations, including addressing barriers faced?

      The company is a member of the Mulher 360 initiative that amongst others aims to support inclusion of women across operations

    • No
      0 / 1

      95. Commitment to provide essential community services and facilities?

    • 96. Company has provided valid legal documents to Open Timber Portal on population rights (at the time of SPOTT assessments)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company's reporting broadly suggests that it doesn't operate in a geography currently covered by Open Timber Portal. Please note that ZSL has been unable to confirm this

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      97. Commitment to respect all workers' rights?

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      98. Reference to Fundamental ILO Conventions?

      The company has committed to not be directly or indirectly involved in the violation of any of the ILO Core Conventions. This commitment is made through the FSC Policy for Association (FSC-POL-01-004)

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      99. Commitment to eliminate gender related discrimination with regards to employment and occupation?

      The company is a member of the Mulher 360 initiative that amongst others aims to eliminate gender-related discrimination

    • 100. Company has provided valid legal documents to Open Timber Portal on labour regulations (at the time of SPOTT assessments)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company's reporting broadly suggests that it doesn't operate in a geography currently covered by Open Timber Portal. Please note that ZSL has been unable to confirm this

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      101. Percentage or number of temporary employees?

      518

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      102. Percentage or number of women employees?

      1,902

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      103. Payment of minimum wage?

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      104. Reporting of salary by gender?

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      105. Commitment to address occupational health and safety, referencing the ILO Code of Practice on Safety and Health in Forestry Work?

      The company has a commitment to health and safety referencing the ILO Code of Practice on Safety and Health in Forestry Work for its Brazilian operations. However such a commitment for the Colombian operations could not be found

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      106. Time lost due to work-based injuries?

      2.24 - Accident Frequency Rate in 2018

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      107. Number of fatalities as a result of work-based accidents?

      Company states there were no accidents with time off in 2017 and 2018 at central office. For other locations information not available

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      108. Provision of personal protective equipment and related training?

  • Certification standards Certification standards
    6 / 12 50%
    • Yes
      1 / 1

      109. Time-bound plan for achieving 100% third-party legality verification of FMUs or achieved?

      2,025

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      110. Time-bound plan to source only wood/wood fibre that is in legal compliance verified by a third party?

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      111. Percentage area (ha) verified as being in legal compliance by a third party?

      145,117 (94.15%) - Figure represents FSC FM certified plantation areas in Brazil (140,468.57 ha) and Colombia (4,648 ha)

    • No
      0 / 1

      112. Percentage of all wood/wood fibre supply traded/processed verified as being in legal compliance by a third party?

      The company states 55% of land 'leased or in partnership' is FSC certified, but this only covers its Brazilian operations and it is unclear whether this includes outgrowers. Overall percentage cannot be accurately calculated for all operations based on available figures

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      113. Time-bound plan for achieving 100% FSC FM certification of FMUs or achieved 100% FSC-certification of FMUs?

      2,025 - The company has a commitment to achieve 100% FSC certification by 2025

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      114. Commitment to source only wood/wood fibre that meets FSC Controlled Wood requirements?

    • Yes
      2 / 2

      115. Percentage area (ha) FSC FM certified?

      145,117 (94.15%) - Figure represents certified plantation areas in Brazil (140,468.57 ha) and Colombia (4,648 ha)

    • No
      0 / 2
      No source

      116. Percentage of wood/wood fibre supply from outgrower scheme and/or independent suppliers that is FSC FM certified?

    • No
      0 / 2
      No source

      117. Percentage of all wood/wood fibre supply traded/processed that are FSC certified (above 75%)?

    • 118. Percentage area (ha) PEFC certified (excluding FSC certified area)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company has a commitment to achieve 100% FSC certification by 2025

  • Smallholders and suppliers Smallholders and suppliers
    3.5 / 5 70%
    • Yes
      1 / 1

      119. Programme to support outgrower scheme smallholders?

      Eucalyptus seedlings, technical assistance and an instruction manual are provided

    • Partial
      0.5 / 1

      120. Percentage of outgrower scheme smallholders involved in programme?

      52 - Number of properties involved in support programme. A percentage figure cannot be calculated using available data

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      121. Process used to prioritise, assess and/or engage suppliers on compliance with company's policy and/or legal requirements?

    • 122. The company has a Due Diligence System (DDS)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company has informed ZSL that it does not trade wood/wood fibre

    • No
      0 / 1

      123. Suspension or exclusion criteria for suppliers?

      Company has criteria to exclude suppliers but details not provided nor the time frames for action against suppliers

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      124. Percentage of suppliers assessed and/or engaged on compliance with company requirements?

      190 - The company states it has assessed 190 suppliers in 2018 and found irregularities in seven cases

  • Governance and grievances Governance and grievances
    3 / 6 50%
    • Yes
      1 / 1

      125. Commitment to ethical conduct and prohibition of corruption?

    • 126. Company has provided valid legal documents to Open Timber Portal on legal registration (at the time of SPOTT assessments)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company's reporting broadly suggests that it doesn't operate in a geography currently covered by Open Timber Portal. Please note that ZSL has been unable to confirm this

    • No
      0 / 1
      No source

      127. Disclosure of the company's management approach to tax and payments to governments?

    • 128. Company has provided valid legal documents to Open Timber Portal on taxes, fees and royalties (at the time of SPOTT assessments)?

      This indicator is disabled as the company's reporting broadly suggests that it doesn't operate in a geography currently covered by Open Timber Portal. Please note that ZSL has been unable to confirm this

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      129. Whistleblowing procedure?

    • Yes
      1 / 1

      130. Own grievance or complaints system open to all stakeholders?

    • No
      0 / 2

      131. Details of grievances disclosed?

      The company only gives limited information on the types of issues received by the ombudsman

Media monitor: Duratex SA

SPOTT gathers reports and stories from global media sources, covering specific company activities related to the assessment indicator categories. ZSL does not assess the validity of these reports.

Category filter:
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Scoring criteria: Duratex SA

Scoring criteria guide how ZSL conducts SPOTT assessments and allocates scores to ensure a fair and consistent approach, setting the expectations for companies on how they should publish ESG data. The full indicator framework contains 131 indicators across 10 categories.

SPOTT is a ZSL initiative.
Zoological Society of London (ZSL)