As the world’s most commonly used vegetable oil, palm oil is a globally traded commodity. The impacts of palm oil production predominantly occur in the regions of the world within the tropical belt where it is grown. In 2015, global planted area of oil palm was over 18 million hectares, but there are an estimated 1.1 billion hectares of land which are suitable for oil palm cultivation globally. Of this suitable land, 86% is encompassed by nine countries, across South East Asia (the current center of palm oil production), as well as Latin America and Central and Western Africa.
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